Bristol ( / ˈbrɪstəl / ( listen)) is a city, ceremonial county and unitary authority in England.  Situated on the River Avon, it is bordered by the ceremonial counties of Gloucestershire to the north and Somerset to the south. Bristol is the most populous city in South West England. 
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Bristol es la octava ciudad de Inglaterra y la undécima del Reino Unido en población. Durante medio siglo fue la segunda ciudad en población después de Londres, posición que perdió por el rápido ascenso de Liverpool, Mánchester y Birmingham a finales de 1780.
- Middle Ages
- Early Modern
- 18th and 19th Centuries
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Palaeolithic and Iron Age
There is evidence of settlement in the Bristol area from the palaeolithic era, with 60,000-year-old archaeological finds at Shirehampton and St Annes. Stone tools made from flint, chert, sandstone and quartzite have been found in terraces of the River Avon, most notably in the neighbourhoods of Shirehampton and Pill. There are Iron Age hill forts near the city, at Leigh Woods and Clifton Down on either side of the Avon Gorge, and at Kingsweston, near Henbury. Bristol was at that time part of...
During the Roman era there was a settlement named Abona at the present Sea Mills; this was important enough to feature in the 3rd-century Antonine Itinerary which documents towns and distances in the Roman empire, and was connected to Bath by a road. Archaeological excavations at Abona have found a street pattern, shops, cemeteries and wharves, indicating that the town served as a port. Another settlement at what is now Inns Court, Filwood, had possibly developed from earlier Iron Age farmste...
A minster was founded in the 8th century at Westbury on Trym and is mentioned in a charter of 804. In 946 an outlaw named Leof killed Edmund I in a brawl at a feast in the royal palace at Pucklechurch, which lies about six miles from Bristol. The town of Bristol was founded on a low hill between the rivers Frome and Avon at some time before the early 11th century. The main evidence for this is a coin of Aethelred issued c. 1010. This shows that the settlement must have been a market town and...
At some time after the Norman conquest of England in 1066 a motte-and-bailey was erected on the present site of Castle Park. Bristol was held by Geoffrey de Montbray, Bishop of Countances, one of the knights who accompanied William the Conqueror. William ordered stone castles to be built so it is likely that the first parts of Bristol Castle were built by Geoffrey in his reign. After the Conqueror's death (1087), Geoffrey joined the rebellion against William Rufus. Using Bristol as his headqu...
Later Middle Ages
By the 13th century Bristol had become a busy port. Woollen cloth became its main export during the fourteenth to fifteenth century, while wine from Gascony and Bordeaux, was the principal import. In addition the town conducted an extensive trade with the Anglo-Irish ports of southern Ireland, such as Waterford and Cork, as well as with Portugal.From about 1420–1480 the port also traded with Iceland, from which it imported a type of freeze-dried cod called 'stockfish'. In 1147 Bristol men and...
In 1497 Bristol was the starting point for John Cabot's voyage of exploration to North America. For many years Bristol merchants had bought freeze-dried cod, called stockfish, from Iceland for consumption in England. However the Hanseatic League, which was trying to control North Atlantic trade at this time, sought to cut off supplies to English merchants. It has often been suggested that this drove Bristol's merchants to look West for new sources of cod fish. On the other hand, while Bristol...
Tudor and Stuart periods
Bristol was made a city in 1542, with the former Abbey of St Augustine becoming Bristol Cathedral, following the Dissolution of the Monasteries by Henry VIII. The Dissolution also saw the surrender to the king of all of Bristol's friaries and monastic hospitals, together with St James' Priory, St Mary Magdalen nunnery, a Cistercian abbey at Kingswood and the College at Westbury on Trym. In the case of the friaries at Greyfriars and Whitefriars, the priors had fled before the arrival of the ro...
English Civil War
In 1630 the city corporation bought the castle and when the First English Civil War broke out in 1642, the city took the Parliamentary side and partly restored the fortifications. However Royalist troops under the command of Prince Rupert captured Bristol on 26 July 1643, in the process causing extensive damage to both town and castle.The Royalist forces captured large amounts of booty and also eight armed merchant vessels which became the nucleus of the Royalist fleet. Workshops in the city...
William de la Founte, a wealthy Bristol merchant has been identified as the first recorded English slave traders. Of Gascon origin, in 1480 he was one of the four venturers granted a licence "to trade in any parts".Renewed growth came with the 17th-century rise of England's American colonies and the rapid 18th-century expansion of Bristol's part in the "Triangular trade" in Africans taken for slavery in the Americas. Over 2000 slaving voyages were made by Bristol ships between the late 17th c...
The Bristol Corporation of the Poor was established at the end of the 17th century and a workhouse, to provide work for the poor and shelter for those needing charity, was established, adjacent to the Bridewell. John Wesley founded the very first Methodist Chapel, The New Room in Broadmead in 1739, which is still in use in the 21st century. Wesley ...
- Notable People
It is between the counties of Gloucestershire and Somerset. In 1373, King Edward III ordered that it should be a county itself forever. However, it lost county status in 1974, the year after its 600-year celebrations. It became the largest district within the new Avoncounty. Avon was never popular and was abolished in 1996, when county status retur...
The Bristol name means "the place where the bridge is" in Old English. It has been a port for 800 years. Now, ships are too big to reach it. It has a new seaport at Avonmouth.
Some of the most notable people who are currently living, or who are from the city include: 1. Banksy - graffiti artist 2. Stephen Merchant- writer and comedian 3. Russell Howard - comedian and television presenter
Bristol es una ciudad ubicada en el condado de Hartford en el estado estadounidense de Connecticut. En el año 2005 tenía una población de 61.353 habitantes y una densidad poblacional de 894 personas por km². 2 Bristol es conocido como el hogar de la empresa de medios deportiva ESPN, con sus estudios centrales en la ciudad.
Bristol [ ˈbrɪstɫ] ist eine Stadt, eine Unitary Authority sowie eine zeremonielle Grafschaft im Südwesten von England am Fluss Avon. Bristol hatte 2019 etwa 463.000 Einwohner. Musikalisch hat die Stadt den Bristol Sound hervorgebracht. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 2 Wirtschaft und Verwaltung 3 Kunst, Sehenswürdigkeiten und Freizeit 4 Bildung