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  1. Richard Colley Wesley, posteriormente Wellesley, 1. er Marqués Wellesley (20 de junio de 1760 - 26 de septiembre de 1842), fue un político y diplomático británico, el hijo mayor de Garret Wesley, 1. er Conde de Mornington en la Nobleza de Irlanda, y hermano de Arthur Wellesley, 1. er Duque de Wellington.

  2. Richard Colley Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley of Norragh, KG, KP, PC, PC (Ire) (20 June 1760 – 26 September 1842) was an Anglo-Irish politician and colonial administrator. He was styled as Viscount Wellesley until 1781, when he succeeded his father as 2nd Earl of Mornington .

  3. Richard Wellesley (22 April 1787 – 1 March 1831) was an Anglo-Irish Member of Parliament.. He was the illegitimate son of Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley and his mistress (later wife) Hyacinthe-Gabrielle Roland and educated at Eton College (1800), Christ Church, Oxford (1805), and Lincoln's Inn (1808).

    • Early Life and Career
    • Working For The East India Company
    • Political Service During The Napoleonic Wars
    • His Later Life in Ireland

    But I get ahead of myself. Richard Colley Wesley, 1st Marquees Wellesley, KG, PC, PC (Ire) (20 June 1760 – 26 September 1842), styled Viscount Wellesley from birth until 1781 and known as The Earl of Mornington from 1781 until 1799, was born in 1760 in Ireland, where his family were part of the Ascendancy, the old Anglo-Irish aristocracy. Educated at the Royal School, Armagh, Harrow School, and Eton College, and at Christ Church, Oxford, he distinguished himself as a classical scholar. In 1780, he entered the Irish House of Commons for Trim until the following year, when by his father’s death he became 2nd Earl of Mornington, taking his seat in the Irish House of Lords. Due to his father’s and grandfather’s extravagance, he found himself so indebted that, to clear his debt, he sold all the Irish estates and thus lost his seat in the Irish Parliament. In 1784, he joined the British House of Commons as member for Bere Alston and, coincidentally, his first speech was on an Indian subje...

    Mornington seems to have internalized Pitt’s grand political vision during 1793 to 1797. Whether he had actually conceived of the need of acquiring a great empire in India to compensate for the loss of the American colonies cannot be proved. However, the threat posed by France, which in placed Britain at the head of coalition after coalition against the French republic and empire, made Mornington’s rule in India a time of necessary, enormous, and rapid extension of British power. While Robert Clive won, and Warren Hastings consolidated the British ascendancy in India, Mornington extended it into an empire. (Torrens, 1880) On the voyage outwards, he formed the design of annihilating French influence in the Deccan. Soon after his landing, in April 1798, he learned of an impending alliance between Tipu Sultan and the French republic. Mornington decided to anticipate the enemy’s action and ordered preparations for war. The first step was, through a Subsidiary Alliance, to remove the Fre...

    Upon the fall of the coalition ministry in 1807, George III invited Wellesley to join the Duke of Portland’s cabinet, but he declined pending the resolution of charges brought against him regarding his Indian administration. Resolutions in both the Houses of Lords and the House of Commons, condemning him for the abuse of power were debated and defeated by large majorities thus fully vindicating him. In 1809, Wellesley was appointed ambassador to Spain. He landed at Cádiz just after the Battle of Talavera, and tried unsuccessfully to bring the Spanish government into effective co-operation with his brother, who, through the failure of his allies, had retreated into Portugal. A few months later, Wellesley accepted the post of Foreign Secretary in Lord Perceval’s cabinet. He held this office until February 1812, when he retired, partly from dissatisfaction with the inadequate support given to Wellington by the ministry, but also because he had become convinced that the Catholic emancip...

    In 1821 he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Catholic emancipation had now become an open question in the cabinet, and those in Ireland believed Wellesley’s acceptance of the viceroyalty to herald the immediate settlement of the Catholic claims; but their desires would remain unfulfilled. Some efforts were made to placate Catholic opinion, notably the dismissal of the long-serving Attorney-General for Ireland, William Saurin, whose anti-Catholic views had made him bitterly unpopular. Lord Liverpool died without having grappled with the problem. Canning died; and upon the Duke of Wellington assuming the office of Prime Minister, his brother resigned the lord-lieutenancy. It was rumored that Mornington was deeply hurt by his brother’s failure to find a Cabinet position for him (Arthur made the usual excuse that one cannot give a Cabinet seat to everyone who wants one). He had, however, the satisfaction of seeing the Catholic claims settled in the next year by the very statesme...

  4. Richard Colley Wellesley, primer marqués Wellesley , KG , KP , PC , PC (Ire) (20 de junio de 1760 - 26 de septiembre de 1842) fue un político angloirlandés y administrador colonial . Fue diseñado como vizconde de Wellesley hasta 1781, cuando sucedió a su padre como segundo conde de Mornington .

  5. Richard Wellesley was born in 1787, at birth place, to Richard Colley Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley of Norragh. Richard was born on June 20 1760, in Dangan Castle,Meath,Ireland. Richard had 5 siblings: Lady Charles Bentinck , Gerald Wellesley and 3 other siblings .

    • Życiorys
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    Wczesne lata życia i początki kariery politycznej

    Był najstarszym synem Garreta Wesleya, 1. hrabiego Mornington, i Anne Hill-Trevor, córki 2. wicehrabiego Dungannon. Wykształcenie odebrał w Eton College oraz w Christ Church na Uniwersytecie Oksfordzkim. Po śmierci ojca w 1781 r. odziedziczył tytuł 2. hrabiego Mornington. Ponieważ tytuł ten był kreowany w parostwie Irlandii, Richard mógł uzyskać mandat deputowanego do brytyjskiej Izby Gmin, co nastąpiło w 1784 r., kiedy został deputowanym z okręgu Bere Alston. W 1786 r. Mornington został równ...

    Gubernator generalny Indii

    Mornington przybył do kolonii w kwietniu 1798 r. i od razu dowiedział się o negocjowanym sojuszu między Francją a Tipu Sultanem. Rozpoczął więc przygotowania do wojny. Jego pierwszym krokiem było wyparcie z Indii posiłków francuskich. Następnie w lutym 1799 r. Brytyjczycy uderzyli na Mysore, królestwo Tipu Sultana. 4 maja padła jego stolica, Srirangapatna, a Tipu Sultan zginął. W latach 1803-1805 stoczono zwycięską wojnę z państwem Marathów, która utwierdziła brytyjskie wpływy w Indiach. Morn...

    Okres wojen napoleońskich

    Do Wielkiej Brytanii powrócił tuż przed śmiercią Pitta w 1806 r. Przeciwnicy próbowali oskarżyć go o nadużywanie władzy podczas zarządu nad Indiami, ale potępiające go rezolucje zostały odrzucone w obu izbach parlamentu. W 1809 r. został mianowany ambasadorem w Hiszpanii. Przybył do Kadyksu wkrótce po bitwie pod Talaverą i bezskutecznie usiłował nakłonić władze hiszpańskie do współpracy ze swoim bratem, który dowodził brytyjskim korpusem ekspedycyjnym. Jeszcze w 1809 r. Wellesley powrócił do...

    Przez wiele lat Wellesley żył w nieformalnym związku z aktorką Hyacinthe-Gabrielle Roland. Zanim poślubił ją 29 listopada 1794 r., urodziła mu trzech synów i dwie córki. Następnie małżonkowie przeprowadzili się do Londynu, ale Hyacinthe nigdy nie nauczyła się angielskiego i nie brała udziału w życiu towarzyskim stolicy. Zmarła w 1816r. Jedna z ich córek, Anne Wellesley (1788 - 19 marca 1875), poślubiła sir Williama Abdy'ego, 7. baroneta, a później lorda Williama Cavendisha-Bentincka, i miała dzieci z drugiego małżeństwa. Druga córka, Hyacinthe Mary Wellesley, została żoną Edwarda Littletona, 1. barona Hatherton. 29 października 1825 r. poślubił owdowiałą Marianne Patterson, wnuczkę ostatniego żyjącego sygnatariusza deklaracji niepodległości Charlesa Carrolla. Małżonkowie nie mieli razem dzieci.

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