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  1. Robert Stewart recibió el título de vizconde de Castlereagh en 1796 cuando a su padre le fue conferido el título de conde de Londonderry. A la muerte de su padre en 1821 le sucedió como II marqués de Londonderry, título al que este había sido elevado 1816, siendo sucedido por su hermanastro Charles Vane como III marqués.

    • Early Life and Career in Ireland
    • Chief Secretary For Ireland
    • Secretary For War
    • Foreign Secretary
    • Lampooning by Thomas Moore
    • Decline and Death
    • Reaction to His Death
    • Styles
    • Memorials and Tributes
    • Notes, Citations, and Sources

    Robert was born on 18 June 1769 in 28 Henry Street, in Dublin's Northside. He was the second and only surviving child of Robert Stewart(the elder) and his wife Sarah Frances Seymour-Conway. His parents married in 1766.

    Suppression of the United Irishmen

    In 1795, Pitt replaced as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, William Fitzwilliam, who had urged that the emancipation of Catholic be completed with their admission to parliament, with Stewart's uncle, the 2nd Earl Camden. Camden's arrival in Dublin was greeted with riots, and that year Stewart crossed the floor of the Irish House of Commons to join the supporters of the government, the Dublin Castle executive.[e]Stewart became an essential adviser to the inexperienced and unpopular Lord Lieutenant,...

    Executions of William Orr and James Porter

    Castlereagh's general policy was to offer immediate clemency to the rebel rank-and-file (many of whom were then inducted into the yeomanry) while focusing on the politically committed leadership. But already before the rebellion he had begun to earn the sobriquet "Bloody Castlereagh". In October 1797 his step mother, Lady Frances, had petitioned Camden for the life of William Orr. On a charge of administering the United Irish test to two soldiers, Orr had been named on the same warrant that C...

    The Act of Union and the promise of Emancipation

    In 1799, in furtherance of both his own political vision and Pitt's policies, Castlereagh began lobbying in the Irish and British Parliaments for a union that would incorporate Ireland with Great Britain in a United Kingdom. In addition to security against the French, Castlereagh saw the principal merit of a bringing Ireland directly under the Crown in the Westminster Parliament as a resolution of what ultimately was the key issue for the governance of the country, the Catholic question."Link...

    In the new Parliament of the United Kingdom the tensions within the ruling Tories over Catholic emancipation abated, and after obtaining his desired cessation of hostilities with France (the Peace of Amiens), Henry Addington brought Castlereagh into the Cabinet as President of the Board of Control. He chief task was to mediate the bitter disputes between the Governor-General of India, Richard Wellesley (the father of Arthur Wellesley) and the Directors of the East India Company, smoothing quarrels while generally supporting Lord Wellesley's policies. After the renewal of the war against Napoleon, at the urging of Castlereagh and other long-time supporters, in 1804 Pitt returned as Prime Minister, and Castlereagh was promoted to Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. As the only other member of Pitt's cabinet in the House of Commons, Castlereagh became Pitt's political deputy, taking on ever more burdens as Pitt's health continued to decline. After Pitt's death in 1806, Castler...

    Three years later, in 1812, Castlereagh returned to the government, this time as Foreign Secretary, a role in which he served for the next ten years. He also became leader of the House of Commons in the wake of Spencer Perceval's assassinationin 1812.

    As a press, or squib, writer for the Whigs, Thomas Moore, better remembered as Ireland's national bard, mercilessly lampooned Castlereagh. In what were the "verbal equivalents of the political cartoons of the day",Tom Crib's Memorial to Congress(1818) and "Fables for the Holy Alliance" (1823), Moore savages Castlereagh's pirouetting with Britain's reactionary continental allies. Widely read, so that Moore eventually produced a sequel, was his verse novel The Fudge Family in Paris (1818). The family of an Irishman working as a propagandist for Castlereagh in Paris, the Fudges are accompanied by an accomplished tutor and classicist, Phelim Connor. An upright but disillusioned Irish Catholic, his letters to a friend reflect Moore's own views. Connor's regular epistolary denunciations of Castlereagh had two recurrent themes. First is Castlereagh as "the embodiment of the sickness with which Ireland had infected British politics as a consequence of the union": "We sent thee Castlereagh--...

    Despite his contributions to the defeat of Napoleon and restoration of peace, Castlereagh became extremely unpopular at home. He was attacked in the House of Commons by the Opposition for his support of repressive European governments, while the public resented his role in handling the Commons side of the divorce of George IV and Queen Caroline. He was also condemned for his association with repressive measures of the Home Secretary, Lord Sidmouth (the former Prime Minister Addington). As Leader of the House of Commons for the Liverpool Government, he was often called upon to defend government policy in the House. He had to support the widely reviled measures taken by Sidmouth and the others, including the infamous Six Acts, to remain in cabinet and continue his diplomatic work. For these reasons, Castlereagh appears with other members of Lord Liverpool's Cabinet in Shelley's poem The Masque of Anarchy, which was inspired by, and heavily critical of, the Peterloo Massacre: 1. I met...

    An inquest concluded that the act had been committed while insane, avoiding the harsh strictures of a felo de se verdict.[i] The verdict allowed Lady Londonderry to see her husband buried with honour in Westminster Abbey near his mentor, William Pitt. The pallbearers included the Prime Minister Lord Liverpool, the former Prime Minister Lord Sidmouth and two future Prime Ministers, the Duke of Wellington and Frederick Robinson. Some radicals, notably William Cobbett, claimed a "cover-up" within the government and viewed the verdict and Castlereagh's public funeral as a damning indictment of the elitism and privilege of the unreformed electoral system. At his funeral on 20 August, the crowds which lined the funeral route were generally respectful and decorous, but some jeering and insults were heard (although not to the level of unanimity projected in the radical press); and there was cheering when the coffin was taken out of the hearse at the Abbey door. A funeral monument was not er...

    Robert Stewart acquired the courtesy title Viscount Castlereagh in 1796 when his father was created Earl of Londonderry in the Irish peerage. Upon his father's death in 1821, he succeeded as 2nd Marquess of Londonderry, a title to which his father had been raised in 1816. His younger half-brother, the soldier, politician and diplomat Charles Stewart (later Vane)succeeded him as 3rd Marquess of Londonderry in 1822. He was styled through his life as follows: 1. Robert Stewart, Esquire(1769–1789) 2. The HonourableRobert Stewart (1789–1796) 3. Viscount Castlereagh (1796–1797) 4. The Right HonourableViscount Castlereagh (1797–1814) 5. The Right Honourable Viscount Castlereagh, KG(1814–1821) 6. The Most Honourable Marquess of Londonderry, KG, GCH, PC, PC (Ire)(1821–1822)

    Castlereagh Street in Sydney was named after him in 1810 by Governor Macquarie.
    The Sydney suburb locality of Castlereaghwas also named after him by Macquarie in 1810.
    The Castlereagh Riverin north-western New South Wales was dedicated to him in 1818 by George Evans and explored by John Oxley.
    The New South Wales electoral seat of Castlereagh also carried his name from 1904 until 1991.[citation needed]

    Sources

    1. Anonymous (1846). The Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland. 1. Dublin: A. Fullarton.– A to C (for hamlet of Castlereagh) 2. Artz, Frederick Binkerd (1934). Reaction and Revolution 1814–1832. New York: Harper & Row. OCLC 883674335. 3. Bartlett, Christopher John (1966). Castlereagh. London: Macmillan. 4. Bew, John (2012) [2011]. Castlereagh: A Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-993159-0. 5. Burke, Bernard (1869). A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baron...

    • Suicide
    • Whig (1790–1795), Tory (1795–1822)
  2. 12/06/2013 · Robert Stewart, vizconde de Castlereagh. Robert Stewart, vizconde de Castlereagh (1769-1822) fue un político británico, nacido en Down (Irlanda). Estudió en la Universidad de Cambridge. Entre las Líneas

  3. Vizconde de Castlereagh, fue entre 1797 y 1801secretario para Irlanda. En 1800 colaboró en el Acta de Unión entre Inglaterra e Irlanda. Disconforme con la negativa de Jorge III a aceptar la independencia política de los católicos irlandeses, se vio obligado a dimitir.

  4. Robert Stewart Vizconde de Castlereagh Político británico Nació el 18 de junio de 1769 en Dublin (Irlanda). Cursó estudios en la Universidad de Cambridge. En 1790 le nombraron miembro del Parlamento irlandés como candidato whig, pero se unió al partido tory cuando ingresó en la Cámara de los Comunes en 1795.

  5. Henry Robert Stewart Castlereagh (También llamado lord Castlereagh o vizconde de Castlereagh; Dublín, 1769 - Londres, 1822) Político británico. Hijo de un rico terrateniente de la aristocracia irlandesa, unió a la riqueza y a los títulos heredados (vizconde de Castlereagh y marqués de Londonderry) una educación privilegiada y una excelente red de relaciones en la alta sociedad británica.

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