The Mongol Empire invaded and conquered Kievan Rus' in the 13th century, destroying numerous southern cities, including the largest cities, Kiev (50,000 inhabitants) and Chernihiv (30,000 inhabitants), with the only major cities escaping destruction being Novgorod and Pskov, located in the north.
Etimologia. O nome da cidade parece derivar de Kyi, um dos fundadores lendários da cidade (juntamente com seus irmãos Schek e Khoryv). A forma transliterada do russo Kiev é a única registrada para a língua portuguesa por Antenor Nascentes,  pelo Código de Redação Interinstitucional da União Europeia.
La Rus de Kiev finalmente se desintegró, y el golpe final fue la invasión mongola entre 1237 y 1240, que dio como resultado el saqueo de Kiev y la muerte de una parte importante de la población de la Rus.  Los invasores, más tarde conocidos como tártaros, formaron el estado de la Horda de Oro, que saqueó los principados rusos y gobernó el sur y el centro de Rusia durante más de dos ...
The Rus' flotilla defeated the Byzantine fleet but was almost destroyed by a storm and came back to Kiev empty-handed.  11th-century fresco of Saint Sophia's Cathedral, Kiev , representing the daughters of Yaroslav I, with Anne probably being the youngest.
Anne of Kiev or Anna Yaroslavna (c. 1030 – 1075) was a Rus' princess who became Queen of France in 1051 upon marrying King Henry I. She ruled the kingdom as regent during the minority of their son Philip I from Henry's death in 1060 until her controversial marriage to Count Ralph IV of Valois .
The Grand Prince of Kiev (sometimes grand duke) was the title of the ruler of Kiev and the ruler of Kievan Rus' from the 10th to 13th centuries. In the 13th century, Kiev became an appanage principality first of the grand prince of Vladimir and the Mongol Golden Horde governors, and later was taken over by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania .
The siege of Kiev by the Mongols took place between November 28 and December 6, 1240, and resulted in a Mongol victory. It was a heavy morale and military blow to Halych-Volhynia and allowed Batu Khan to proceed westward into Europe.