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  1. Rutherford Birchard Hayes fue un político estadounidense, abogado, líder militar y el 19.º presidente de los Estados Unidos entre 1877 y 1881. Como presidente, supervisó la era de la Reconstrucción de los Estados Unidos y restauró la confianza en el gobierno. Fue un reformista que llevó a cabo la reforma de la función pública y trató de reconciliar las divisiones heredadas de la Guerra Civil y la Reconstrucción. Nativo de Ohio, Hayes ejerció la abogacía. Se convirtió en abogado ...

  2. Rutherford B. Hayes High School in Hayes's hometown of Delaware, Ohio, was named in his honor, as is Hayes Hall, built in 1893, at the Ohio State University. It is Ohio State's oldest remaining building, and was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on July 16, 1970, due to its front facade, which remains virtually untouched from its original appearance.

  3. Rutherford Birchard Hayes (October 4, 1822 - January 17, 1893) was the 19th president of the United States. He served only one term, from 1877 to 1881. Hayes was a Republican. He was elected governor of Ohio three times before becoming president.

    • Election of 1876
    • Inauguration
    • Administration
    • Judicial Appointments
    • End of Reconstruction
    • National Leadership
    • Civil Service Reform
    • 1877 Railroad Strike
    • Women's Rights
    • Indian Policy

    Nomination and general election

    With the retirement of President Ulysses S. Grant after two terms, the Republicans had to settle on a new candidate for the 1876 election. Hayes's success as Governor of Ohio elevated him to the top ranks of Republican politicians under consideration for the presidency, alongside James G. Blaine of Maine, Senator Oliver P. Morton of Indiana, and Senator Roscoe Conkling of New York. The Ohio delegation to the 1876 Republican National Convention was united behind Hayes, and Senator John Sherman...

    Post-election dispute

    As the returns were tallied on election day, it was clear that the race was close: while Hayes had won much of the North, Tilden had carried most of the South, as well as New York, Indiana, Connecticut, and New Jersey. On November 11, three days after election day, the 19 electoral votes of Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina were still in doubt. Tilden had won states with a collective total of 184 electoral votes, one short of a majority, while Hayes had won states with 166 electoral vote...

    Because March 4, 1877 fell on a Sunday, Hayes took the oath of office privately on Saturday, March 3, in the Red Room of the White House, becoming the first president to do so in the Executive Mansion. He took the oath publicly on the following Monday on the East Portico of the United States Capitol. In his inaugural address, Hayes attempted to soo...

    Cabinet

    In choosing the members of his cabinet, Hayes spurned Radical Republicans in favor of moderates, and also disregarded anyone whom he considered a potential presidential contender. He chose William M. Evarts, who had defended President Andrew Johnson against impeachment, as Secretary of State. George W. McCrary, who had helped establish the Electoral Commission of 1877, became Secretary of War. Carl Schurz, who had supported the Liberal Republican ticket in 1872, was selected as Secretary of t...

    Lemonade Lucy and the dry White House

    Hayes and his wife Lucy were known for their policy of keeping an alcohol-free White House, giving rise to her nickname "Lemonade Lucy." The first reception at the Hayes White House included wine, but Hayes was dismayed at drunken behavior at receptions hosted by ambassadors around Washington. After the first reception, alcohol was not served again in the Hayes White House. Critics charged Hayes with parsimony, but Hayes spent more money (which came out of his personal budget) after the ban,...

    Hayes appointed two associate justices to the Supreme Court. The first Supreme Court vacancy arose after David Davis resigned during the election controversy of 1876. On taking office, Hayes filled the vacancy caused by Davis's resignation by appointing John Marshall Harlan, a close ally of Benjamin Bristow. Hayes submitted the nomination in Octobe...

    Withdrawal from the South

    When Hayes assumed office, only two Reconstruction governments remained, in South Carolina and Louisiana. Hayes had been a firm supporter of Republican Reconstruction policies throughout his political career, but the first major act of his presidency was to end Reconstruction and return the South to "home rule." In South Carolina, Hayes withdrew federal soldiers on April 10, 1877, after Governor Wade Hampton III promised to respect the civil rights of African Americans. In Louisiana, Hayes ap...

    Voting Rights

    Democrats consolidated their control in the South in the 1878 mid-term elections, creating a voting bloc known as the Solid South. Just three of the 73 Representatives elected by the former Confederate states were members of the Republican Party. Democrats also took control of the Senate in the 1878 elections, and the new Democratic Congress immediately sought to strip away the remaining federal influence in the South. The Democratic Congress passed an army appropriations bill in 1879 with a...

    In the aftermath of the 1876 presidential election, power in national politics was very closely balanced. The Senate in 1877 contained 39 Republicans, 36 Democrats, and one independent, while the Democrats controlled the House of Representatives by the slim margin of 153 to 140. There were very few troublemakers or demagogues on either side as both...

    After ending Reconstruction, Hayes turned to the issue of civil service reform. Instead of giving federal jobs to political supporters or the favorites of powerful members of Congress, Hayes favored appointment based on performance in civil service examinations. To show his commitment to reform, Hayes asked Secretary of the Interior Schurz and Secr...

    In his first year in office, Hayes was faced with the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, the largest labor disturbance up to that point in U.S. history. In order to make up for financial losses suffered since the Panic of 1873, the major railroads had cut their employees' wages several times. The Pennsylvania Railroad, one of the largest railroads, red...

    The suffragette movement had been growing for many years prior to the presidency of Hayes. Although the issue of suffrage would not be resolved during the Hayes's tenure, another, albeit smaller issue would be. Prior to Hayes' ascension, a Belva Lockwood had attempted to be admitted to the supreme court bar. She had been rejected, not on grounds of...

    Interior Secretary Schurz carried out Hayes's American Indian policy, beginning with preventing the War Department from taking over the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Hayes and Schurz carried out a policy that included assimilation into white culture, educational training, and dividing Indian land into individual household allotments. Hayes believed tha...

    • Carrera Política Temprana
    • Serviciu Na Guerra de Secesión
    • Serviciu en Política
    • Eleición de 1876
    • Presidencia

    Hayes nació en Delaware, Ohio, el 4 d'ochobre de 1822. Los sos padres fueron Rutherford Hayes (4 de xineru de 1787 Brattleboro, Vermont-20 de xunetu de 1822 Delaware, Ohio) y Sophia Birchard (15 d'abril de 1792 Wilmington, Vermont-30 d'ochobre de 1866 Columbus, Ohio) y foi'l menor de cuatro fíos, sicasí dos d'ellos, Lorenzo Hayes (1815-1825) y Sara...

    A pesar de tener cerca de 40 años cuando españó la Guerra de Secesión, Hayes xunióse como voluntariu mientres trés años y foi comisionado como mayor del ventiavu terceru reximientu d'infantería voluntariu d'Ohio el 27 de xunu de 1861 a pesar de nun tener esperiencia militar previa. Xubió a Teniente Coronel el 24 d'ochobre de 1861, Hayes foi graveme...

    Ente que taba en Shenandoah en 1864, Hayes recibió la nominación republicana pal congresu dende Cincinnati. Hayes foi escoyíu y sirvió nel trentenu novenu y cuarentenu congresos dende'l 4 de marzu de 1865 al 20 de xunetu de 1867, cuando arrenunció, siendo nomáu pa Gobernador d'Ohio. Foi gobernador de 1868 a 1872, y un candidatu ensin ésitu na eleic...

    Hayes convertir en presidente tres los años tumultuosos y llenos d'escándalos de l'alministración d'Ulysses S. Grant. Tuvo una reputación d'honestidá que venía de los sos años na Guerra Civil. Como gobernador d'Ohio, el so escrupulosidad dacuando ablayaba inclusive a los sos aliaos políticos, y punxéron-y el nomatu de "Old Granny". Hayes foi bastan...

    Como'l 4 de marzu de 1877 yera un domingu, Hayes fixo'l xuramentu de toma de posesión del cargu na Habitación Colorada de la Casa Blanca el 3 de marzu. Realizó'l xuramentu de toma de posesión del cargu de nuevu públicamente'l 5 de marzu nel pórticu esti del Capitoliu d'Estaos Xuníos, y sirvió hasta'l 3 de marzu de 1881.

  4. Rutherford Birchard Hayes (* 4. Oktober 1822 in Delaware, Ohio; † 17. Januar 1893 in Fremont, Ohio) war amerikanischer Politiker und Mitglied der Republikanischen Partei. Er war Abgeordneter im Repräsentantenhaus der Vereinigten Staaten und anschließend längere Zeit Gouverneur von Ohio, bevor er 1877 19. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten wurde.

  5. Rutherford Birchard Hayes, né le 4 octobre 1822 à Delaware (Ohio) et mort le 17 janvier 1893 à Fremont (Ohio), est un avocat, militaire et homme d'État américain. Il est le 19e président des États-Unis, en fonction de 1877 à 1881.