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14/10/2021 · El siglo xviii. aspectos económico sociales y políticos. el siglo xviii. «el siglo xviii , llamado de la razón o de las luces, es un siglo de equilibrio entre la tradición y la revolución, simbolizado por el pensamiento de la ilustración y las monarquías del despotismo ilustrado . sólo al final, cuando se rompe el compromiso.
14/10/2021 · Ilustrados Siglo Xviii «el siglo xviii, llamado de la razón o de las luces, es un siglo de equilibrio entre la tradición y la revolución, simbolizado por el pensamiento de la ilustración y las monarquías del despotismo ilustrado. sólo al final, cuando se rompe el compromiso, desembocaría en el siglo de la revolución.
- Inflected Forms and Derivative Pronouns
- Acceptability and Prescriptive Guidance
- Grammatical and Logical Analysis
- Cognitive Efficiency
- Comparison with Other Pronouns
- See Also
- Further Reading
- External Links
Like the "singular you", "singular they" permits a singular antecedent, but is used with the same verb forms as plural they, and has the same inflected forms as plural they (i.e. them, their, and theirs), except that in the reflexive form, themself is sometimes used instead of themselves. Themself is attested from the 14th to 16th centuries. Its use has been increasing since the 1970s or 1980s, though it is sometimes still classified as "a minority form". In 2002, Payne and Huddleston, in The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, called its use in standard dialect "rare and acceptable only to a minority of speakers" but "likely to increase with the growing acceptance of they as a singular pronoun". It is useful when referring to a single person of indeterminate gender, where the plural form themselvesmight seem incongruous, as in: 1. "It is not an actor pretending to be Reagan or Thatcher, it is, in grotesque form, the person themself." — Ian Hislop (1984);quoted in Fowler's
They with a singular antecedent goes back to the Middle English of the 14th century (slightly younger than they with a plural antecedent, which was borrowed from Old Norse in the 13th century),and has remained in use for centuries in spite of its proscription by traditional grammarians beginning in the mid 18th century. Informal spoken English exhibits universal use of the singular they. An examination by Jürgen Gerner of the British National Corpus published in 1998 found that British speakers, regardless of social status, age, sex, or region, used the singular they more often than the gender-neutral heor other options.
Though both generic he and generic theyhave long histories of use, and both are still used, both are also systematically avoided by particular groups. Style guidesthat avoid expressing a preference for either approach sometimes recommend recasting a problem sentence, for instance replacing generic expressions with plurals to avoid the criticisms of either party. The use of singular they may be more accepted in British English than in American English,or vice versa.
Notional agreement is the idea that some uses of theymight refer to a grammatically singular antecedent seen as semantically plural: 1. "'Tis meet that some more audience than a mother, since nature makes them partial, should o'erhear the speech." — Shakespeare, Hamlet (1599); quoted in Merriam-Webster's Concise Dictionary of English Usage. 2. "No man goes to battle to be killed." ... "But they do get killed. — George Bernard Shaw, quoted in Merriam-Webster's Concise Dictionary of English Usa...
Distributive constructions apply a single idea to multiple members of a group.They are typically marked in English by words like each, every and any. The simplest examples are applied to groups of two, and use words like either and or– "Would you like tea or coffee?". Since distributive constructions apply an idea relevant to each individual in the group, rather than to the group as a whole, they are most often conceived of as singular, and a singular pronoun is used: 1. "England expects that...
Referential and non-referential anaphors
The singular they, which uses the same verb form that plurals do, is typically used to refer to an indeterminate antecedent, for example: 1. "The person you mentioned, are theycoming?" In some sentences, typically those including words like every or any, the morphologically singular antecedent does not refer to a single entity but is "anaphoricallylinked" to the associated pronoun to indicate a set of pairwise relationships, as in the sentence: 1. "Everyone returned to theirseats." (where eac...
A study of whether "singular they" is more "difficult" to understand than gendered pronouns ("In Search of Gender Neutrality: Is Singular They a Cognitively Efficient Substitute for Generic He?" by Foertsch and Gernsbacher) found that "singular they is a cognitively efficient substitute for generic he or she, particularly when the antecedent is nonreferential" (e.g. anybody, a nurse, or a truck driver) rather than referring to a specific person (e.g. a runner I knew or my nurse). Clauses with singular they were read "just as quickly as clauses containing a gendered pronoun that matched the stereotype of the antecedent" (e.g. she for a nurse and hefor a truck driver) and "much more quickly than clauses containing a gendered pronoun that went against the gender stereotype of the antecedent". On the other hand, when the pronoun they was used to refer to known individuals ("referential antecedents, for which the gender was presumably known", e.g. my nurse, that truck driver, a runner I...
The singular and plural use of they can be compared with the pronoun you, which had been both a plural and polite singular, but by about 1700 replaced thou for singular referents. For "you", the singular reflexive pronoun ("yourself") is different from its plural reflexive pronoun ("yourselves"); with "they" one can hear either "themself" or "themselves" for the singular reflexive pronoun. Singular "they" has also been compared to "royal we" (also termed "editorial we"), when a single person uses first-person plural in place of first-person singular pronouns. Similar to singular "you", its singular reflexive pronoun ("ourself") is different from the plural reflexive pronoun ("ourselves"). While the pronoun set derived from it, which is used for inanimate objects, can be used for infants of unspecified gender, it tends to be dehumanizing and is therefore more likely in a clinical context. In a more personal context, the use of itto refer to a person might indicate antipathy or other...
Sources of original examples
Amia Srinivasan, "He, She, One, They, Ho, Hus, Hum, Ita" (review of Dennis Baron, What's Your Pronoun? Beyond He and She, Liveright, 2020, ISBN 978 1 63149 6042, 304 pp.), London Review of Books, v...
"Anyone who had a heart (would know their own language)" by Geoff Pullum. Transcript of a radio talk.
hace 2 días · wikipedia.org / CC BY-SA 3.0 / Eigenes Werk. Un equipo de genetistas logró demostrar el parentesco entre una momia del siglo XVIII y sus tres descendientes contemporáneos. Se trata del cadáver ...
15/10/2021 · De aquí, en el siglo XVIII, ... “wikipedia” que “wiki” significa en hawaiano “rápido” y así se constituye una nueva forma de saber y de comprender”. ...
14/10/2021 · A finales del siglo XVIII, el fortalecimiento de la burguesía provocó su definitivo asalto al poder. El primer paso, fue el surgimiento de un movimiento ideológico, la Ilustración, que puso en duda los principios ideológicos del Antiguo Régimen, basados en la religión y la tradición, sustituidos por la razón y el espíritu crítico.