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  1. Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, KG, GCVO, PC, PC, FRS, styled Lord Cavendish of Keighley between 1834 and 1858 and Marquess of Hartington between 1858 and 1891, was a British statesman. He has the distinction of having held leading positions in three political parties: leading the Liberal Party, the Liberal Unionist Party and the Conservative Party in either the House of Commons or the House of Lords. After 1886 he increasingly voted with the Conservatives. He ...

  2. Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th duke of Devonshire, in full Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th duke of Devonshire, marquess of Hartington, earl of Devonshire, Baron Cavendish of Hardwick, (born July 23, 1833, Lower Holker, Lancashire, England—died March 24, 1908, Cannes, France), British statesman whose opposition to the Irish Home Rule policy of his own Liberal Party caused him to assume (1886) the leadership of the Liberal Unionist Party and to become increasingly identified with the ...

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
    • Background and Education
    • Liberal, 1857–86
    • Liberal Unionist, 1886–1908
    • Military Service
    • Personal Life
    • Legacy
    • Further Reading
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    Devonshire was the eldest son of William Cavendish, 2nd Earl of Burlington, who succeeded his cousin as Duke of Devonshire in 1858, and Lady Blanche Cavendish (née Howard). Lord Frederick Cavendish and Lord Edward Cavendish were his younger brothers. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated as MA in 1854, having taken a Sec...

    He first entered Parliament in the 1857 general election, when he was returned for North Lancashire as a Liberal (his title "Lord Hartington" was a courtesy title - as he was not a peer in his own right he was entitled to sit in the Commons until 1891). Between 1863 and 1874 Hartington held various Government posts, including Civil Lord of the Admi...

    Hartington became increasingly uneasy with Gladstone's Irish policies, especially after the murder of his younger brother Lord Frederick Cavendish in Phoenix Park. In 1886, he broke with Gladstone altogether. He declined to serve in Gladstone's third government, formed after Gladstone came out in favour of Irish Home Rule (unlike Joseph Chamberlain...

    He served part-time as Captain in the Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry from 1855 to 1873, and was Honorary Colonel of the 3rd (Militia) Battalion of the Derbyshire Regiment from 1871 and of the 2nd Sussex Artillery Volunteersfrom 1887.

    Hartington took great pains to parade his interest in horseracing, so as to cultivate an image of not being entirely obsessed by politics. For many years the courtesan Catherine Walters ("Skittles") was his mistress. He was married at Christ Church, Mayfair, on 16 August 1892, at the age of 59, to Louisa Frederica Augusta von Alten, widow of the la...

    Upon receiving news of the Duke's death, the House of Lords took the unprecedented step of adjourning in his honour. Margot Asquith said the Duke of Devonshire "was a man whose like we shall never see again; he stood by himself and could have come from no country in the world but England. He had the figure and appearance of an artisan, with the bre...

    Ferris, Wesley. "The Liberal Unionist Party, 1886-1912" (PhD. Dissertation, McMaster University. 2008). Bibliography pp 397–418. online
    Holland, Bernard Henry. The life of Spencer Compton: eighth duke of Devonshire. (2 vol 1911). online vol 1 and online vol 2
    Parry, Jonathan. "Cavendish, Spencer Compton, marquess of Hartington and eighth duke of Devonshire (1833–1908)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn,...
    Rempel, Richard A. Unionists Divided: Arthur Balfour, Joseph Chamberlain and the Unionist Free Traders(Archon Books, 1972).
    Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Devonshire
    "Archival material relating to S". UK National Archives.{{#property:P3029}}.
  3. 28/04/2022 · Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire: Birthdate: July 23, 1833: Birthplace: Belgrave Square, London, Middlesex, England: Death: March 24, 1908 (74) Hotel Metropole, Cannes, Alpes-Maritimes, France (heart failure) Place of Burial: St Peter Churchyard, Edensor, Derbyshire, England: Immediate Family:

    • Belgrave Square, London, Middlesex, England
    • March 24, 1908
    • July 23, 1833
  4. Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire : Surhone, Lambert M., Timpledon, Miriam T., Marseken, Susan F.: Libros

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  5. Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire (23 July 1833 – 24 March 1908) was Leader of the Liberal Party from 3 February 1875 to 23 April 1880, interrupting William Ewart Gladstone's terms. He also served as Leader of the Liberal Unionist Party from 1886 to 1903 and led the Conservative Party in...