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  1. The Electoral Palatinate or the Palatinate, officially the Electorate of the Palatinate, was a country that was part of the Holy Roman Empire. Counts palatine of the Rhine served as prince-electors from "time immemorial," were noted as such in a papal letter of 1261, and were confirmed as electors by the Golden Bull of 1356. It stretched from the left bank of the Upper Rhine, from the Hunsrück mountain range in what is today the Palatinate region in the German federal state of ...

    • Electorate
    • German
  2. Roman Catholicism. Johann Wilhelm II, Elector Palatine ( "Jan Wellem" in Low German, English: "John William"; 19 April 1658 – 8 June 1716) of the Wittelsbach dynasty was Elector Palatine (1690–1716), Duke of Neuburg (1690–1716), Duke of Jülich and Berg (1679–1716), and Duke of Upper Palatinate and Cham (1707–1714).

    • Senior Line 1356–1559
    • Second Electorate 1648-1685
    • Neuburg Line 1685-1742
    • Sulzbach Line 1742-1799
    • Sulzbach Line 1777-1799
    • Zweibrücken Line 1799–1803
    Rupert I (1309 –1390) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
    Rupert II (1325 –1398) Elector Palatine of the Rhine

    Frederick III of Simmern, the Pious (1515 – 1576) Count Palatine of Simmern from 1557 and Elector Palatine of the Rhine

    1. Frederick III of Simmern, the Pious (1515 – 1576) Count Palatine of Simmern from 1557 and Elector Palatine of the Rhine from 1559.Son of John II (1492–1557) Count Palatine of Simmern. See Palatine Cadets.Married firstly Marie of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (1519 – 1567) daughter of Casimir, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth and secondly Amalia of Neuenahr (1539 – 1602) daughter of Gumprecht of Neuenahr.

    Louis VI (1539 –1583) Elector Palatine of the Rhine

    1. Louis VI (1539 –1583) Elector Palatine of the Rhine.Married firstly Elisabeth of Hesse (1539 – 1582) daughter of Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse and secondly Countess Anne of Ostfriesland (1562 – 1621) daughter of Edzard II, Count of East Frisia.

    Frederick IV (1574 – 1610) Elector Palatine of the Rhine

    1. Frederick IV (1574 – 1610) Elector Palatine of the Rhine. Married Louise Juliana of Orange-Nassau (1576 – 1644) daughter of William I of Nassau, Prince of Orange.

    Philip William of Neuburg (1615 –1690) Elector Palatine

    1. Philip William of Neuburg (1615 –1690) Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to 1690. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Grand Master of the Order of St Hubert. Son of Wolfgang Wilhelm (1614–53)Count Palatine of Neuburg. See Palatine Cadets.Married firstly Princess Anna Catherine Constance Vasa (1619 – 1651) daughter of Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Sweden and secondly Landgravine Elisa...

    Charles III Philip (1661 –1742) Elector Palatine

    1. Charles III Philip (1661 –1742) Elector Palatine, Count of Palatinate-Neuburg, and Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1716 to 1742. Until 1728 Charles III Philip was also Count of Megen. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Grand Master of the Order of St Hubert. Married firstly Princess Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł (1667 – 1695) daughter of Prince Bogusław Radziwiłł, secondly Princess Teresa Katharina Lubomirska (1685 – 1712) daughter of Prince Józef Karol Lubomirski and thirdly morganatical...

    Charles Theodore (1724 –1799) Elector Palatine and Elector of Bavaria

    1. Charles Theodore (1724 –1799) Count Palatine of Sulzbach from 1733, Elector Palatine from 1742, as Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1742 and also as Prince-Elector and Duke of Bavaria from 1777. Grand Master of the Royal Order of Saint George for the Defense of the Immaculate Conception. Grand Master of the Order of St Hubert. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Son of John Christian (1700 –1733) Count Palatine of Sulzbach. See Palatine Cadets. Married firstly Elisabeth Auguste of Sulzba...

    Charles Theodore (1724 –1799) Elector Palatine and Elector of Bavaria

    1. Charles Theodore (1724 –1799) Count Palatine of Sulzbach from 1733, Elector Palatine from 1742, as Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1742 and also as Prince-Elector and Duke of Bavaria from 1777.Married firstly Elisabeth Auguste of Sulzbach (1721 – 1794) daughter of Joseph Charles, Hereditary Prince of Sulzbach and secondly Archduchess Maria Leopoldine of Austria-Este (1776 – 1848) Archduke Ferdinand Karl of Austria-Este. Ancestor of the morganatic House of Bretzenheim.

    Maximilian IV Joseph (1756 –1825) Elector Palatine and Elector of Bavaria

    1. Maximilian I (1756 –1825) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld and Duke of Zweibrücken from 1795 to 1799, Prince-Elector and Duke of Bavaria (as Maximilian IV Joseph) from 1799 to 1805, King of Bavaria (as Maximilian I) from 1806 to 1825. Grand Master of the Royal Order of Saint George for the Defense of the Immaculate Conception. Grand Master of the Order of St Hubert. Grand Master of the Order of St Michael. Son of Charles II August Christian (1746 –1795) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld...

  3. Charles Louis, Elector Palatine (German: Karl I. Ludwig; 22 December 1617 – 28 August 1680), was the second son of Frederick V of the Palatinate, the "Winter King" of Bohemia, and of Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia and sister of Charles I of England.

    • Counts Palatine of Lotharingia, 915–1085
    • Counts Palatine of The Rhine, 1085–1356
    • Younger History

    The Palatinate emerged from the County Palatine of Lotharingia, which came into existence in the 10th century. 1. Wigeric of Lotharingia, count of the Bidgau (c.915/916–922) 2. Godfrey, count of the Jülichgau (c. 940)

    From about 1085/1086, after the death of the last Ezzonian palatine count, Herman II of Lotharingia, the Palatinate lost its military importance in Lotharingia. The territorial authority of the count palatine was reduced to his counties along the Rhine, from then on called County Palatine of the Rhine. 1. Heinrich II of Laach, 1085–95 2. Sigfried of Ballenstadt, 1095–1113 3. Gottfried of Kalw, 1113–29 4. William of Ballenstedt, 1129–39 5. Henry IV Jasomirgott, 1139–42 6. Hermann III of Stahleck, 1142–55

    Only after the great restorations of 1815, the (Rhenish or Lower) Palatinate, albeit without any prince-electoral role any longer, was restored as one of then eight Bavarian Districts (= provinces). After WW II the American Military Government for Germany took it away from Bavaria and put it together with neighbouring territories to form a new state called Rhenania-Palatinate (German: Rheinland-Pfalz) with Mainz as the state capital. The people - as far as the Palatinian share amongst them was concerned, having felt a deep sense of neglet from the side of the distant governments in Munich for generations - later approved by plebiscite.

  4. Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine. Johann Wilhelm II, Elector Palatine ("Jan Wellem" in Low German, English: "John William"; 19 April 1658 – 8 June 1716) of the Wittelsbach dynasty was Elector Palatine (1690–1716), Duke of Neuburg (1690–1716), Duke of Jülich and Berg (1679–1716), and Duke of Upper Palatinate and Cham (1707–1714).

  5. El Electorado del Palatinado o Palatinado Electoral ( Kurpfalz) es la denominación del territorio de ese príncipe, que fue de hecho un Estado independiente hasta 1803. La capital fue primero Heidelberg y luego, a partir de 1720, Mannheim. Como entidad territorial era una agregación de dominios espacialmente discontinuos.

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