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  1. (July 2019) Thomas Pelham, 1st Baron Pelham of Laughton Bt ( c. 1653 – 23 February 1712) was a moderate English Whig politician and Member of Parliament for several constituencies. He is best remembered as father of two British prime ministers ( Henry Pelham and the Duke of Newcastle) who, between them, served for 18 years as first minister.

    • c. 1653
    • Elizabeth Jones, (m. 1679, died 1681), Grace Holles, (m. 1686, died 1700)
  2. 08/09/2015 · ' thomas pelham, 1st baron pelham of laughton was born circa 1653.4 he was the son of sir john pelham, 3rd bt. and lady lucy sydney.3 he married, firstly, elizabeth jones, daughter of sir william jones, on 26 november 1679.4 he married, secondly, lady grace holles, daughter of gilbert holles, 3rd earl of clare and grace pierrepont, on 21 may …

    • 1653
    • February 23, 1712 (58-59)February 23, 1711/12
    • Laughton, Sussex
    • Carlos F. Bunge
  3. Thomas Pelham-Holles, I duque de Newcastle-upon-Tyne (en su segunda creación) y I duque de Newcastle-under-Lyne ,fue un estadista whig británico, cuya vida oficial se extendió a lo largo de la supremacía whig del siglo XVIII. Se le conoce comúnmente como el duque de Newcastle .

  4. Thomas Pelham, 1er baron Pelham de Laughton Bt (1653 – 23 février 1712) est un homme politique whig anglais modéré et député de plusieurs circonscriptions. On se souvient mieux de lui en tant que père de deux premiers ministres britanniques ( Henry Pelham et le duc de Newcastle) qui, à eux deux, ont servi pendant 18 ans comme premier ministre.

    • Early Life
    • Early Political Career
    • Lord Chamberlain
    • Secretary of State
    • Prime Minister – First Term
    • Interlude: Devonshire Prime Ministership
    • Second Term as Prime Minister
    • Later Years
    • Legacy
    • Family

    Thomas Pelham was born in London on 21 July 1693 the eldest son of Thomas Pelham, 1st Baron Pelham, by his second wife, the former Lady Grace Holles, younger sister of John Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. He studied at Westminster School and was admitted a fellow-commoner at Clare College, Cambridge, in 1710. Pelham's uncle died in 1711, a...

    Newcastle vigorously sustained the Whigs at Queen Anne's death and had much influence in making the Londoners accept King George I, even organising so-called 'Newcastle mobs' to fight with rival Jacobitesin the street. His services were too great to be neglected by the new Hanoverian king, and in 1714, he was created Earl of Clare, and in 1715 Duke...

    In 1717, at 23, Newcastle first attained high political office as Lord Chamberlain of the Household and was given the responsibility of overseeing theatres. Plays were often extremely political, and Newcastle was tasked with suppressing any plays or playwrights that he believed to be too critical of the Hanoverian succession or the Whig government....


    In 1724, Newcastle was chosen by Walpole to be Secretary of State for the Southern Department in place of Lord Carteret, a move largely engineered by Townshend. He had been for some time considered the third most important man in the government, behind Walpole and Townshend, which was confirmed by his new position. Newcastle had for several years been growing increasingly interested in foreign affairs and had been educating himself on the subtle details of diplomacy and the European State Sys...

    The French Alliance

    Since the Treaty of Utrecht, which had ended the last major European war, Britain had been an ally of France, a strong reversal in policy, as France had previously been considered the premier enemy of Britain. The reasons for the alliance were complex, and many had doubted the détente could last long, but when Newcastle became Secretary of State, they had been allies for nearly a decade. By 1719, they had become part of a wider Quadruple Alliance, which was by far the most powerful force in E...

    Domestic crisis

    The administration faced a crisis in 1727, when George I died unexpectedly, and his son George II succeeded to the throne. The new king had previously had exceptionally bad relations with Walpole and Newcastle and, during one altercation between them, George's poor English had made Newcastle think that he had challenged him to a duel.Their relationship had not improved in recent years, and many anticipated the imminent replacement of the government. Instead, Walpole made himself extremely use...

    Newcastle's first task was to select someone to represent the government in the Commons. To great surprise, he rejected the favourites, William Pitt and Henry Fox, and chose Sir Thomas Robinson, who had barely even been considered a candidate by most.Newcastle was largely instrumental in appointing men considered slightly weaker so that he could do...

    Between November 1756 and June 1757, the Duke of Devonshire replaced Newcastle as Prime Minister although Pittis widely credited as the main influence on policy.


    In July 1757, he again became prime minister since Pitt could not gain enough support in Parliament. It is often incorrectly stated that Pitt was Prime Minister during the war, but Newcastle actually held the office. Their relationship grew into a fruitful partnership and provided a determined leadership that some felt had been lacking for some time.[citation needed] On paper, it was an implausible alliance.Pitt had been a strident critic of Newcastle for years, and they had separate, conflic...

    Seven Years' War

    Ultimately British policies were formed of a mixture of these two views. Newcastle insisted on British involvement on the continent to tie down French troops and to authorise a number of expeditions against French colonies. As they were successful, the expeditions began to grow in number and size. Pitt largely took over control of directing them, and Newcastle agreed with the measures and made sure that Parliament was kept on side by mobilising his control of MPs. However, Pitt and Newcastle...


    In 1758, Pitt began despatching expeditions around the world to seize French colonies. In 1758, they captured Senegal and Gambia in West Africa and Louisbourg in North America. He planned to intensify this the next year by despatching large expeditions to the West Indies and Canada. To do so, Pitt stripped the British Isles of troops and ships, which caused Newcastle to worry that they were ill-defended. His fears increased when the British received intelligence of French plans to launch an i...


    The Duke went into opposition and lost his two Lord-Lieutenancies for opposing the peace of 1763. Along with Pitt, he felt the terms of peace were overly generous to France and Spain because of the position of strength held by the British. Many territories captured during the war were handed back, but the French presence had been effectively destroyed permanently in Canada and India. He spent much of his time at his house at Claremont, which he considered one of his finest achievements. Newca...

    Final return

    In 1765, he became Lord Privy Seal in the government of Lord Rockingham, who shared many similarities with Newcastle, and both men were both wealthy Whig grandees. Newcastle was at one point offered the position of Southern Secretary by the king, but he turned it down. He lasted for a few months before the government collapsed, which was replaced by that of the Duke of Grafton.


    He remained in active opposition but accepted he would not hold office again. He continued to wield enormous patronage and influence, but his health swiftly gave way after a stroke in December 1767, which left him lame and impaired in speech and memory. In his final few months, he had counselled against the Coercive Acts on British America. He died in November 1768, aged 75, at his London home in Lincoln's Inn Fields. After his death Claremont was sold to Robert Clive who had made his name in...

    Newcastle was widely caricatured, often being portrayed as a muddle-headed buffoon who struggled to understand the business of government. He was one of the most ridiculed politicians of the 18th century. A common and widely circulated example of his cluelessness is his reported response to being told by Ligonier that Annapolisneeded to be defended...

    On 2 April 1717, he married Lady Harriet Godolphin, daughter of the 2nd Earl of Godolphin and granddaughter of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. The Duchess suffered from poor health and the couple had no children.[citation needed] In 1731, at Houghton Hall, Sir Robert Walpole's country house in Norfolk, the Duke, with the Duke of Lorraine (...

  5. Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1º duca di Newcastle (1693–1768) On. Henry Pelham (1696–1754) On. Frances Pelham (deceduta il 27 giugno 1756), sposò Christopher Wandesford, 2º visconte Castlecomer ; On. Gertrude Pelham, sposò Edmund Polhill ; On. Lucy Pelham (deceduta il 20 luglio 1736), sposò Henry Clinton, 7º conte di Lincoln ; On.

  6. Thomas Pelham, 1st Baron Pelham (1653–1712), English Whig politician Thomas Pelham (of Lewes, senior) (c. 1678–1759), Member of Parliament for Lewes Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle (1693–1768) Thomas Pelham (of Stanmer) (c. 1705–1737), Turkey merchant, Member of Parliament for Lewes

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