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  1. › wiki › TurkeyTurkey - Wikipedia

    Hace 14 horas · Turkey ( Turkish: Türkiye Turkish pronunciation: [ˈtyɾcije] ), officially the Republic of Türkiye (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti [ˈtyɾcije dʒumˈhuːɾijeti] ( listen) ), is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian Peninsula in Western Asia, with a small portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe.

  2. 17 de mar. de 2023 · The European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank of the 19 European Union countries which have adopted the euro. Our main task is to maintain price stability in the euro area and so preserve the purchasing power of the single currency.

  3. Hace 3 días · This TRY currency table offers historic Turkish Lira rates compared to every world currency. For commercial purposes, get an automated currency feed through the XE Currency Data API.

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  4. › currencies › try-turkish-liraLira: the Turkish currency

    The Turkish lira was established in 2005 as an official national currency and is used only in Turkey. 1 lira is devided into 100 Kurus. ISO 4127: TRY Numeric: 949 Symbol: TL List of all currencies 1.00 Turkish liras = 0.052 US dollars Currency: Convert to: Amount: Reverse currencies Exchange rate history 10 TRY in USD

    • History
    • Coins
    • Banknotes
    • Exchange Rates
    • Currency Sign
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Ottoman lira

    The lira, along with the re­lated cur­ren­cies of Eu­rope and the Mid­dle East, has its roots in the an­cient Roman unit of weight known as the libra which re­ferred to the Troy pound of sil­ver. The Roman libra adop­tion of the cur­rency spread it through­out Eu­rope and the Near East, where it con­tin­ued to be used into me­dieval times. The Turk­ish lira, the French livre (until 1794), the Ital­ian lira (until 2002), and the British pound (a trans­lated ver­sion of the Roman libra; the wor...

    First Turkish lira

    His­tor­i­cal ban­knotes from the sec­ond, third and fourth is­sues have por­traits of İsmet İnönü on the ob­verse side. This change was done ac­cord­ing to the 12 Jan­u­ary 1926 issue of the of­fi­cial gazette and can­celed by the De­mo­c­rat Party after World War II. After pe­ri­ods of the lira pegged to the British pound and the French franc, a peg of 2.8 Turk­ish lira = 1 U.S. dol­lar was adopted in 1946 and main­tained until 1960, when the cur­rency was de­val­ued to 9 Turk­ish lira = 1...

    Second Turkish lira

    In De­cem­ber 2003, the Grand Na­tional As­sem­bly of Turkey passed a law that al­lowed for re­de­nom­i­na­tion by the re­moval of six zeros from the Turk­ish lira, and the cre­ation of a new cur­rency. It was in­tro­duced on 1 Jan­u­ary 2005, re­plac­ing the pre­vi­ous Turk­ish lira (which re­mained valid in cir­cu­la­tion until the end of 2005) at a rate of 1 sec­ond Turk­ish lira (ISO 4217 code "TRY") = 1,000,000 first Turk­ish lira (ISO 4217 code "TRL"). With the reval­u­a­tion of the Tur...

    From 1 Jan­u­ary 2009, the phrase "new" was re­moved from the sec­ond Turk­ish lira, its of­fi­cial name in Turkey be­com­ing just "Turk­ish lira" again; new coins with­out the word "yeni" were in­tro­duced in de­nom­i­na­tions of 1, 5, 10, 25, 50 kuruş and 1 Turk­ish lira. Also, the cen­ter and ring al­loys of the 50 kuruşand 1 Turk­ish lira coins...

    A new se­ries of ban­knotes, the "E-9 Emis­sion Group" en­tered cir­cu­la­tion on 1 Jan­u­ary 2009, with the E-8 group ceas­ing to be valid after 31 De­cem­ber 2009 (al­though still re­deemable at branches of the Cen­tral Bank until 31 De­cem­ber 2019). The E-9 ban­knotes refer to the cur­rency as "Turk­ish lira" rather than "new Turk­ish lira" and...

    2018 crisis

    In 2018, the lira's ex­change rate ac­cel­er­ated de­te­ri­o­ra­tion, reach­ing a level of US$4.5/TRY by mid-May and of 4.9 a week later. Among econ­o­mists, the ac­cel­er­at­ing loss of value was gen­er­ally at­trib­uted to Recep Tayyip Erdoğan pre­vent­ing the Cen­tral Bank of the Re­pub­lic of Turkey from mak­ing the nec­es­sary in­ter­est rate adjustments. Erdoğan, who claimed in­ter­est rates be­yond his con­trol to be "the mother and fa­ther of all evil", said that "the cen­tral bank ca...

    The cur­rent cur­rency sign of Turk­ish lira was cre­ated by the Cen­tral Bank of the Re­pub­lic of Turkey in 2012. The new sign was se­lected after a coun­try-wide contest. The new sym­bol, cre­ated by Tülay Lale, is com­posed of the let­ter 'L' shaped like a half an­chor, and em­bed­ded dou­ble-striped let­ter 'T' an­gled at 20 de­grees. The de­s...

    Krause, Chester L.; Clifford Mishler (1991). Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1801–1991 (18th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0873411501.
    Pick, Albert (1994). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: General Issues. Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (editors) (7th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-207-9.
    Sevket Pamuk (2000). A Monetary History of the Ottoman Empire. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-44197-8.