The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was a territory in Northern Germany, held by the younger line of the House of Mecklenburg residing in Neustrelitz.Like the neighbouring Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, it was a sovereign member state of the German Confederation and became a federated state of the North German Confederation and finally of the German Empire upon the unification of 1871.
The Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was given to Frederick William, and the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, roughly a recreation of the medieval Stargard lordship, to Adolphus Frederick II. At the same time, the principle of primogeniture was reasserted, and the right of summoning the joint Landtag was reserved to the ruler of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
The woman who would become Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz entered life under less-than-royal circumstances. Born on May 19, 1744, young Charlotte’s family ruled over a tiny, backwater duchy in North Germany. The land, called Mecklenburg-Strelitz, lacked the glamor of places like London or Paris.