Spain is a developed country ranked 27th in the Human Development Index, a secular parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a high-income country and an advanced economy, with the world's sixteenth-largest economy by nominal GDP and the sixteenth-largest by PPP.
Su territorio, con capital en Madrid, 30 está organizado en diecisiete comunidades autónomas, formadas a su vez por cincuenta provincias; y dos ciudades autónomas . España se sitúa principalmente en el suroeste de Europa, así como también posee territorios en el norte de África.
España, también denominado Reino de España, es un país soberano, miembro de la Unión Europea, constituido en Estado social y democrático de Derecho y cuya forma de gobierno es la monarquía parlamentaria.
- History of Spain
- Geography of Spain
People have lived in Spain since the Stone Age. Later, the Roman Empire controlled Spain for about five hundred years; then as the Roman Empire broke up, groups of Germanic people including Visigothsmoved in and took control.
In 711, many parts of the Iberian Peninsula became under the control of the Muslim Umayyad Caliphate. They called the land Al-Andalus; it was the farthest western point of Islamic civilization. In 756, the Umayyads were defeated by the Abbasid in the east. The Umayyads ruled the Caliphate of Córdoba, which fell apart in the early 11th century. Muslim rulers sometimes fought each other when they were not fighting the Christians. Muslim Spain was focused on learning. The greatest library system...
Kingdom of León
The Kingdom of León, the most important in the early Spanish Middle Ages, was started in 910. This Kingdom developed the first democratic parliament (Cortes de Llión) in Europe in 1188. After 1301, León had the same King as the Kingdom of Castile in personal union. The various kingdoms remained independent territories until 1833, when Spain was divided into regions and provinces. In 1492, the Christians took the last part of Spain that still belonged to the Moors, Granada. Boabdil, the last M...
Ancient religions in Spain were mostly pagan. Today, however, at least 68 percent of Spain is Roman Catholic. Spanish mystic Teresa of Ávila is an important figure within Catholicism. 27 percent of Spaniards are irreligious. 2 percent are from other religions, this include Baha'i Buddhists, Jain, Muslim,Unitarian Universalism and Zoroastrianism.
The middle of Spain is a high, dry, flat land called La Meseta. In La Meseta it can be very hot in the summer and cold or very cold in the winter. Spain also has many mountain ranges. The Mount Teide (Tenerife, Canary Islands), the highest mountain of Spain and the islands of the Atlantic (it is the third largest volcano in the world from its base)...
While Spanish is the most spoken language in the country, other languages like Catalan, Basque or Galicianare also spoken in a few territories.
- Spanish, Spaniard
- 57.6% Catholicism, 37.7% No religion, 2.9% Others, 1.8% Unanswered
- Castilian Spanish (also in national language)
La Wikipedia en español es la edición en español de Wikipedia. Al igual que las versiones existentes de Wikipedia en otros idiomas, es una enciclopedia de contenido libre , publicada en Internet bajo las licencias libres CC BY-SA 3.0 y GFDL .
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- 20 de mayo de 2001 (21 años, 5 meses y 18 días)
Como capital de España, alberga las sedes del Gobierno de España y sus Ministerios, de las Cortes Generales ( Congreso y Senado ), del Tribunal Supremo y del Tribunal Constitucional, así como la residencia oficial de los reyes de España 18 y del presidente del Gobierno.