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  1. › wiki › ViolViol - Wikipedia

    The viol ( / ˈvaɪəl / ), [1] viola da gamba [a] ( Italian: [ˈvjɔːla da (ɡ)ˈɡamba] ), or informally gamba, is any one of a family of bowed, fretted, and stringed instruments with hollow wooden bodies and pegboxes where the tension on the strings can be increased or decreased to adjust the pitch of each of the strings.

    • Viola da gamba
    • 321.322-71, (Composite chordophone sounded by a bow)
    • Late 15th century from the vihuela
  2. viol, also called viola da gamba, bowed, stringed musical instrument used principally in chamber music of the 16th to the 18th century. The viol shares with the Renaissance lute the tuning of its six strings (two fourths, a major third, two fourths) and the gut frets on its neck. It was made in three sizes: treble, tenor, and bass, with the bottom string tuned, respectively, to d, G (or A ...

  3. viol: [noun] a bowed stringed instrument chiefly of the 16th and 17th centuries made in treble, alto, tenor, and bass sizes and distinguished from members of the violin family especially in having a deep body, a flat back, sloping shoulders, usually six strings, a fretted fingerboard, and a low-arched bridge.

  4. The body of the viol was lightly constructed and the six strings were under rather low tension. Common sizes included the treble, alto, small tenor, tenor, and bass. The strings were usually tuned in a sequence of a 4th, 4th, M3rd, 4th, 4th (d-g-c'-e'-a'-d" for the treble). The frets were made from pieces of stretched gut, and were tied around ...

  5. June 2014. The viol (also referred to as the viola da gamba, or gamba) is a European bowed and fretted string instrument played on the leg ( da gamba ), used at court and in the home primarily during the Renaissance and Baroque periods. Viols feature frets, arched bridges, sloped shoulders, and flat backs, and either six or seven strings.

  6. The viola da gamba (viol or viole) began the baroque era as a consort instrument and maintained that role, especially in England, for several decades. In Italy, after the flowering of the viola bastarda (a small bass viol) from the late Renaissance, it was completely supplanted by the violin family. England saw the standardization of the ...

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