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William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, III duque de Portland (Nottinghamshire, 14 de abril de 1738-Bulstrode Park, Buckinghamshire, 30 de octubre de 1809) fue un político whig y estadista británico, que ocupó los cargos de rector de la Universidad de Oxford y Primer Ministro del Reino de Gran Bretaña, Reino Unido desde 1801.
William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, KG, PC, FRS (14 April 1738 – 30 October 1809) was a British Whig and then a Tory politician during the late Georgian era. He served as Chancellor of the University of Oxford (1792–1809) and twice as the Prime Minister of Great Britain (1783) and then of the United Kingdom (1807–1809).
- Early career
- Governor-General of India
- Educational reforms
- Social reforms
Lieutenant General The Right Honourable Lord William Bentinck GCB GCH Governor-General of India In office 22 April 1834 – 20 March 1835 MonarchWilliam IV Prime Minister The Earl Grey The Viscount Melbourne The Duke of Wellington Sir Robert Peel Succeeded bySir Charles Metcalfe Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William In office 4 July 1828 – 22 April 1834 Monarch George IV William IV Prime Minister The Duke of Wellington The Earl Grey Preceded byWilliam Butterworth Bayley...
Bentinck was born in Buckinghamshire, the second son of Prime Minister William Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, and Lady Dorothy, only daughter of William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire. On the marriage the family name became Cavendish-Bentinck. He was educated at Westminster School, a boys' public school in Westminster, London.
In 1783, at the age of 9, he was given the sinecure of Clerk of the Pipe for life. Bentinck joined the Coldstream Guards on 28 January 1791 at the age of 16, purchasing an ensign's commission. He was promoted to captain-lieutenant in the 2nd Regiment of Dragoons on 4 August 1792, and to captain in the 11th Regiment of Light Dragoons on 6 April 1793. He was promoted to major in the 28th Foot on 29 March 1794 and to lieutenant-colonel in the 24th Dragoons that July. On 9 January 1798, Bentinck was
Lord William Bentinck was the first governor general of British-occupied India. Everyone else before him was the governor of Bengal On his return to England, Bentinck served in the House of Commons for some years before being appointed Governor-General of Bengal in 1828. His principal concern was to turn around the loss-making East India Company, to ensure that its charter would be renewed by the British government. Lady William Cavendish-Bentinck Bentinck engaged in an extensive range of cost-c
Bentinck made English the medium of instruction after passing the English Education Act 1835. English replaced Persian as the language of the higher courts. He founded the Calcutta Medical college after the committee appointed by him found that "The Native Medical Institution established in 1822, The Committee headed by Dr John Grant as president and J C C Sutherland, C E Trevelyan, Thomas Spens, Ram Comul Sen and M J Bramley as members found the education, examination system, training and lack
Bentinck decided to put an immediate end to Sati immediately upon his arrival in Calcutta. Ram Mohan Roy warned Bentinck against abruptly ending Sati. However, after observing that the judges in the courts were unanimously in favor of the ban, Bentinck proceeded to lay the draft
Bentinck prohibited female infanticide and the custom of certain of newly born girls to be killed and against human sacrifices. Although his reforms met little resistance among native Indians at the time, Indian enemies repeated a story to the effect that he had once planned to d
- Background and education
- Political career
- Death and legacy
William Henry Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck, 4th Duke of Portland, PC, styled Marquess of Titchfield until 1809, was a British politician who served in various positions in the governments of George Canning and Lord Goderich.
Portland was the eldest son of Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland and Lady Dorothy, daughter of William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire and Charlotte Boyle, Baroness Clifford. He was the elder brother of Lord William Bentinck and Lord Charles Bentinck. He was educated first in Ealing under the tutelage of Samuel Goodenough graduating in 1774, followed by Westminster School. He attended Christ Church, Oxford for two years but did not take a degree. The third Duke, w
Portland was Member of Parliament for Petersfield between 1790 and 1791 and for Buckinghamshire between 1791 and 1809. He served under his father as a Lord of the Treasury between March and September 1807. He remained out of office until April 1827 when he was appointed Lord Privy Seal by his brother-in-law George Canning. He was sworn of the Privy Council the same year. When Lord Goderich became Prime Minister in August 1827, Portland became Lord President of the Council, an office he retained
Portland married Henrietta, eldest daughter and heiress of Major-General John Scott of Fife and his wife Margaret, in London on 4 August 1795. At the time of his marriage he obtained Royal Licence to take the name and arms of Scott in addition to that of Cavendish-Bentinck. They were parents of nine children: 1. William Henry, Marquess of Titchfield 2. Lady Margaret Harriet 3. Lady Caroline 4. William Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck, Marquess of Titchfield, later 5th Duke of Portland 5. Lord George Fre
The Duchess of Portland died on 24 April 1844. Nearly 10 years later, Portland died at the family seat of Welbeck Abbey, Nottinghamshire, in March 1854, aged 85. Two of their sons predeceased their parents; their eldest dying of a brain lesion and their third son dying of a heart attack. The duke expressed a desire to be buried in the open churchyard in Bolsover, Derbyshire, near the other family seat at Bolsover Castle. However, he was instead interred in the ancient Cavendish vault, that had p
Biografía de William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck. Este político del partido whig y estadista británico, III duque de Portland, había nacido en Nottinghamshire, Inglaterra el 14 de abril de 1738 y falleció en Buckinghamshire, Inglaterra, el 30 de octubre de 1809. Tuvo en vida títulos por cada uno de los grados de la nobleza británica, por lo ...
- 30 Octubre 1809
- 14 Abril 1738 | Inglaterra
William Bentinck; Información personal; Nombre de nacimiento: William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck: Nombre en inglés: Lord William Bentinck: Nacimiento: 14 de septiembre de 1774 Buckinghamshire (Reino Unido) Fallecimiento: 17 de junio de 1839 París (Francia) Nacionalidad: Británica: Partido político: Whig: Familia; Padres: William Henry ...
Second son of William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-Bentinck, third duke of Portland (1738–1809), and Lady Dorothy Cavendish (1750–1794), only daughter of William Cavendish, fourth duke of Devonshire. His elder brother William became the 4th Duke of Portland and was the father of Lord George Bentinck (1802-1848).