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  1. William Pitt (apodado el Joven) (28 de mayo de 1759- 23 de enero de 1806), fue un político y estadista británico, primer ministro del Reino Unido en dos períodos por un total de dos décadas, además de la persona más joven en ocupar dicho cargo de premier británico.

    • Privileged Upbringing Leads to A Career in Politics
    • Pitt Guides Britain Through The French and Indian War
    • Reversing The Momentum of The War
    • Hampered by Failing Health
    • For More Information

    William Pitt was born on November 15, 1708. His parents were Robert Pitt, a member of the British Parliament, and Lady Harriet Villiers, whose family was of English-Irish nobility. Young Pitt was raised in very comfortable surroundings and studied at England's finest schools. He attended school at Eton from 1719 to 1726, then moved on to Oxford and Utrecht in 1727. He suffered from a variety of illnesses as ayoungster, so he rarely participated in the outdoor and sports activities that were popular with other boys his age. But he was an intelligent and curious youngster who filled his days with literature, art, and music. In 1735, Pitt followed in the footsteps of his grandfather and father, taking a seat as a member of the Parliament, the supreme legislative body of the country. All across Great Britain, no laws or taxes could be approved without the formal agreement of the Parliament. In addition, only members of Parliament were eligible to serve as the prime minister or fill othe...

    Even as Pitt's political career flourished in the early 1750s, relations between Great Britain and France became dangerously tense. Since the late seventeenth century, these two European powers had repeatedly clashed for economic,military, and political supremacy around the world. In 1754, this struggle erupted once again in North Americawith the French and Indian War. By the 1750s, both Great Britain and France had established large colonies (permanent settlements of citizens who maintain ties to the mother country) throughout the eastern half of North America. The British colonies, known as America, stretched along the Atlantic Ocean from present-day Maine to Georgia. The French colonies, known as New France, included eastern Canada, parts of the Great Lakes region, and the Mississippi River basin. Both the British and French hoped to expand their land holdings into the Ohio Country, a vast wilderness that lay between their colonies. This region offered access to valuable natural...

    But Pitt quickly reversed the falling fortunes of the British Empire. He spoke with such great confidence and determination that he was able to renew Britain's commitment to the war. Indeed, his appeals to national pride inspired the English people. In addition, he proved to be an effective planner of military and naval strategy. He also used his authority to make sure the military received the best possible leadership. For example, he promoted and removed commanders based on their talent, skill, and bravery rather than their years of service in the military or family connections. Finally, he worked very hard to improve relations with the American colonists. During the first years of the French and Indian War, British generals and law-makers had treated the Americans poorly. But Pitt behaved as if they were equals, and he listened to their wartime complaints and suggestions respectfully. As a result, support for the war increased dramatically throughout the colonies. Under Pitt's le...

    Pitt struggled with a range of health problems through the early 1760s. He spent most of this time at his country estate in Bath, England. Every once in a while, hewould travel to London, where his public proclamations on government policies continued to attract attention. For example, he repeatedly expressed his opposition to imposing taxes on the American colonies since they were not represented in the British Parliament. He believed that this "taxation without representation" was illegal, according to British law. At the same time, however, he made it very clear that he considered the colonies a part of the British Empire. In August 1766, the collapse of the current administration in England led to Pitt's reappointment as prime minister. But illness kept him away from office for months at a time, and political battles and scheming made it impossible for him to forge an effective government. Weary and sick, he stepped down from office in November 1768. By 1771, Pitt made only rare...

    Black, Jeremy. Pitt the Elder. New York: Cambridge UniversityPress, 1992. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Historic World Leaders. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Detroit:Gale Group, 2002. Peters, Marie. Pitt and Popularity: The Patriot Minister and London Opinion During the Seven Years War. New York: Oxford UniversityPress, 1980.

  2. William Pitt el Joven. Nombrado ministro de Economía (1782), al año siguiente el rey Jorge III lo llamó a formar gobierno. Como primer ministro del Reino Unido, durante su pimer mandato (1783-1801) debió enfrentarse al déficit que la guerra colonial contra los norteamericanos había provocado en la hacienda británica.

  3. William Pitt, the second son of William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, was born on 28 May 1759 at Hayes Place in the village of Hayes, Kent. He was from a political family on both sides, as his mother, Hester Grenville, was sister to former prime minister George Grenville. According to biographer John Ehrman, Pitt inherited brilliance and dynamism ...

    • British
    • Tory
  4. William Pitt (El Joven). Político británico. Primer ministro de Gran Bretaña desde 1783 al 1801 y entre [[1804 a 1806 durante el reinado de Jorge III.Fue el ministro más joven de Inglaterra cuando Jorge III le nombró para este cargo a la edad de 24 años en 1783.

  5. William Pitt, I Conde de Chatham (Londres, 15 de noviembre de 1708 - Hayes, Bromley, Londres, 11 de mayo de 1778), apodado el Viejo para distinguirlo de su hijo, conocido como William Pitt "el Joven", fue un político británico. Era nieto de Thomas Pitt. Biografía. Defendió la formación de un Imperio británico en ultramar.

  6. 12/06/2013 · William Pitt (el Joven) (1759-1806), primer ministro de Gran Bretaña (1783-1801 y 1804-1806), que sentó las bases de una nueva etapa de prosperidad después de la guerra de la Independencia estadounidense; fue el principal dirigente del Estado durante la lucha contra la Francia revolucionaria.

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