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  1. Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Browne Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope, KT, GCB, OM, DSO & Two Bars (7 January 1883 – 12 June 1963) was an Irish-born British officer of the Royal Navy during the Second World War. He was widely known by his initials, "ABC". Cunningham was born in Rathmines in the south side of Dublin on 7 January 1883.

  2. El Almirante de la Flota Andrew Browne Cunningham, 1.º Vizconde Cunningham de Hyndhope, KT, GCB, OM, DSO, hermano mayor del General sir Alan Cunningham, fue un almirante británico de la Segunda Guerra Mundial. A menudo es citado por sus iniciales «ABC». Nació en Rathmines, un suburbio de Dublín, entonces parte del Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda, el 7 de enero de 1883, y asistió a diversas escuelas e institutos antes de alistarse en la Escuela Naval de Edimburgo con sólo 10 ...

    • Academia de Edimburgo
    • 1897 - 1946
    • World War I Contributions
    • Interwar Years
    • World War II Contributions
    • Later War
    • Later Life
    • Sources

    Promoted to lieutenant in 1904, Cunningham passed through several peacetime postings before receiving his first command, HM Torpedo Boat #14 four years later. In 1911, Cunningham was placed in command of the destroyer HMS Scorpion. Aboard at the outbreak of World War I, he took part in the failed pursuit of the German battlecruiser SMS Goeben and c...

    Promoted to captain in 1920, Cunningham moved through a number of senior destroyer commands and later served as Fleet Captain and Chief of Staff to Cowan in North America and West Indies Squadron. He also attended the Army Senior Officers' School and the Imperial Defense College. Upon completing the latter, he received his first major command, the ...

    With the beginning of World War II in September 1939, Cunningham's primary focus became protecting the convoys that supplied British forces in Malta and Egypt. With the defeat of France in June 1940, Cunningham was forced to enter into tense negotiations with Admiral Rene-Emile Godfroy regarding the status of the French squadron at Alexandria. Thes...

    In April 1942, with the United States now in the war, Cunningham was appointed to the naval staff mission to Washington, DC and built a strong relationship with the Commander-in-Chief of the US Fleet, Admiral Ernest King. As a result of these meetings, he was given command of the Allied Expeditionary Force, under General Dwight D. Eisenhower, for t...

    For his wartime service, Cunningham was created Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope. Retiring to Bishop's Waltham in Hampshire, he lived in a house that he and his wife, Nona Byatt (m. 1929), had purchased before the war. During his retirement, he held several ceremonial titles including Lord High Steward at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. Cunnin...

    Antill, Peter, "Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham," 1883 - 1963.
    “Biography of Andrew Cunningham.” Royal Naval Museum, Royal Naval Museum Library, 2004.
    • Military And Naval History Expert
  3. British naval officer. Andrew Browne Cunningham, (born January 7, 1883, Dublin, Ireland—died June 12, 1963, London, England), British naval officer who was an outstanding combat commander early in World War II and served as first sea lord of the Admiralty from 1943 to 1946.

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
    • Contribuciones de La Primera Guerra Mundial
    • años de Entreguerras
    • Contribuciones de La Segunda Guerra Mundial
    • Guerra Posterior
    • Vida Posterior
    • Fuentes

    Ascendido a teniente en 1904, Cunningham pasó por varios puestos en tiempos de paz antes de recibir su primer mando, HM Torpedo Boat #14,cuatro años después. En 1911, Cunningham fue puesto al mando del destructor HMS Scorpion. A bordo al estallar la Primera Guerra Mundial, participó en la persecución fallida del crucero de batalla alemán SMS Goeben...

    Ascendido a capitán en 1920, Cunningham pasó por una serie de comandos superiores de destructores y luego se desempeñó como capitán de flota y jefe de personal de Cowan en América del Norte y el escuadrón de las Indias Occidentales. También asistió a la Escuela de Oficiales Superiores del Ejército y al Colegio de Defensa Imperial. Al completar este...

    Con el comienzo de la Segunda Guerra Mundialen septiembre de 1939, el enfoque principal de Cunningham se convirtió en proteger los convoyes que abastecían a las fuerzas británicas en Malta y Egipto. Con la derrota de Francia en junio de 1940, Cunningham se vio obligado a entablar tensas negociaciones con el almirante Rene-Emile Godfroy sobre el est...

    En abril de 1942, con los Estados Unidos ahora en la guerra, Cunningham fue designado para la misión del personal naval en Washington, DC y construyó una relación sólida con el comandante en jefe de la flota de los EE. UU., el almirante Ernest King. Como resultado de estas reuniones, se le dio el mando de la Fuerza Expedicionaria Aliada, bajo el ma...

    Por su servicio en tiempos de guerra, Cunningham fue nombrado vizconde Cunningham de Hyndhope. Al jubilarse en Bishop's Waltham en Hampshire, vivió en una casa que él y su esposa, Nona Byatt (m. 1929), habían comprado antes de la guerra. Durante su retiro, ocupó varios títulos ceremoniales, incluido Lord High Steward en la coronación de la reina Is...

    Antill, Peter, " Almirante Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham", 1883 - 1963.
    " Biografía de Andrew Cunningham". Museo NavalReal, Biblioteca del Museo Naval Real, 2004.
  4. ADMIRAL ANDREW CUNNINGHAM lived to fight through two World Wars. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order during the Great War for his actions in the Dardanelles and the Baltic. He was Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet during the early years of World War II before being made First Sea Lord in 1943, a post he retained until 1946.

  5. 2 de oct. de 2013 · Admiral of the Fleet Sir Andrew Cunningham, the First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff, at his desk at the Admiralty in London, ca. Oct. 1944. Although not Prime Minister Winston Churchill’s first choice, Cunningham had the confidence of the Royal Navy. Imperial War Museum photo

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