Bal Gangadhar Tilak, called “Maker of Modern India” by Mahatma Gandhi and “Father of the Indian Revolution” by Jawaharlal Nehru, helped lay the foundation for Indian swaraj (self-rule). He introduced Hindu symbolism and Maratha traditions into the nationalist movement, initiated the passive resistance that later characterized Gandhi’s noncooperation program ( satyagraha ), and headed the Lucknow Pact .
- The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
Keshav Gangadhar Tilak was born on 23 July 1856 in an Marathi Hindu Chitpavan Brahmin family in Ratnagiri, the headquarters of the Ratnagiri district of present-day Maharashtra (then Bombay Presidency ).  His ancestral village was Chikhali. His father, Gangadhar Tilak was a school teacher and a Sanskrit scholar who died when Tilak was sixteen.
- Satyabhamabai Tilak
- Author, politician, freedom fighter
- Indian National Congress
Bal Gangadhar Tilak, (born July 23, 1856, Ratnagiri, India—died Aug. 1, 1920, Bombay), Indian scholar and nationalist. Born to a middle-class Brahman family, Tilak taught mathematics and in 1884 founded the Deccan Education Society to help educate the masses.
Lokmanya Kesav Bal Gangadhar Tilak (nacido el 23 de julio de 1856 y muerto el 1 de agosto de 1920), también conocido como Bal Gangadhar Tilak fue un periodista, editor, autoridad en los Vedas, estudiante de Sánscrito, matemático, reformador social y político indio, líder del ala extremista del Congreso Nacional Indio y principal figura del sentir nacionalista anterior a Mahatma Gandhi.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was an Indian social reformer and freedom activist. He was one of the prime architects of modern India and probably the strongest advocates of Swaraj or Self Rule for India. His famous declaration “Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it” served as an inspiration for future revolutionaries during India’s struggle for freedom.