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  1. El Estado de México, [nota 1] oficialmente llamado Estado Libre y Soberano de México, es uno de los treinta y un estados que, junto con la Ciudad de México, conforman México. [7] [8] Su capital es la ciudad de Toluca de Lerdo y su ciudad más poblada es Ecatepec de Morelos.

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    • Ecatepec
  2. El Estado de México es una de las 32 entidades federativas de México, y se encuentra dividido en 125 municipios. [1] La Constitución Política Mexicana, en su artículo 115 establece que «Los Estados adoptarán, para su régimen interior, la forma de gobierno republicano, representativo, popular, teniendo como base de su división territorial y de su organización política y ...

    Clave Del Inegi [ 10 ] ​
    Municipio [ 1 ] ​
    Cabecera Municipal [ 1 ] ​
    Fecha De Creación [ 11 ] ​
    001
    1824
    002
    1826
    003
    1825
    004
    1825
    • Origin and Etymology
    • History
    • Geography and Climate
    • Government and Politics
    • Demographics
    • Education
    • Infrastructure
    • Economy
    • Culture
    • Major Municipalities

    Mēxihco was originally the Nahuatl name for the Valley of Mexico where the cities of the Mexica (the proper name for the Aztec Triple Alliance) were located. As such, the district that became Mexico City was properly known as Mexico-Tenochtitlan in the years shortly before and after Spanish conquest. After the Spanish Conquest, the term México came to be used for Tenochtitlan/Mexico City and all the pre-conquest lands it controlled, including several other aforementioned Mexican statesoriginally incorporated in the boundaries of the Mexico state. There are two possible origins for the name “Mexico.” The first is that it derives from metztli (moon) and xictla (navel) to mean from the navel of the moon. This comes from the old Aztec idea that the craters on the moon form a rabbit figure with one crater imitating a navel. The other possible origin is that it is derived from “Mextictli”, an alternate name for the god Huitzilopochtli. Anáhuac was the proper term for all territories domin...

    Prehistoric to Pre-Hispanic period

    The earliest evidence of human habitation in current territory of the state is a quartz scraper and obsidian blade found in the Tlapacoya area, which was an island in the former Lake Chalco. They are dated to the Pleistocene era which dates human habitation back to 20,000 years. The first people were hunter-gatherers. Stone age implements have been found all over the territory from mammoth bones, to stone tools to human remains. Most have been found in the areas of Los Reyes Acozac, Tizayuca,...

    Spanish Colonial period

    The origin of the modern state is the reorganization of Aztec lands starting after the Spanish Conquest of the Aztec Empire. These lands were initially called the “audiencia” of Mexico and included Mexico City, much of modern states of Guerrero, Morelos and Hidalgo. As the Spanish expanded their control west and south, the entirety was called “New Spain” with former Aztec lands being called “Mexico.” The organization of New Spain would change over the course of the colonial period, but the te...

    Independence

    During the Mexican War of Independence, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla marched into what is now Mexico State from Michoacán in 1810, passing from the northwest to Toluca on his way to Mexico City. East of Toluca, he fought royalist forces at the Battle of Monte de las Cruces on 30 October 1810. While Hidalgo won the battle, he chose not to proceed to Mexico City and then turned towards Celaya. During the rest of the War, most battles were fought between local insurgent leaders such as Manuel de la...

    The state is located in the center of the country, consisting mostly of the eastern side of the Anahuác Mesa. Most of the state consists of the Toluca Valley, the Tierra Caliente, Mezquital Valley with the eastern panhandle mostly defined by the Chalco Valley. The state has a territory of 22,499.95km2 and borders the states of Querétaro, Hidalgo, Guerrero, Morelos, Puebla, Tlaxcala and Michoacán. The state surrounds Mexico City on three sides (west, north and east). The state is divided into five natural regions: the Volcanos of the Valley of Mexico, the hills and plains north of the state, the western mountains, the Balsas Depression and the mountains and valleys of the southeast. The physical geography of the state varies. The eastern portion is dominated by the Sierra Nevada, which divides the state from Puebla. In this mountain chain are the Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl volcanos. The Sierra de Monte Alto and Sierra de Monte Bajo divide the west side of the Federal District from...

    Government

    The state is governed according to the Constitution of the State of Mexico and the law of the State of Mexico. The previous constitutions of 1827, 1861, and 1870 were replaced in 1917. The government is composed of legislative, executive, and judicial branches. The legislative branch is composed of the Congress of the State of México; the executive branch is composed of the Governor, Cabinet, and Public Prosecutor; and the judicial branch is composed of the Judicial Council, High Court of Jus...

    The fast-growing state contains about fourteen percent of the country's population and is one of the most densely populated with 740 people per square km. Since the Mexico City has not absorbed many citizens since 1990, Greater Mexico City's explosive expansion is largely absorbed by the state, along with similar trends in Greater Toluca. Outside than these two metropolitan zones, the state is composed largely of villages. Historically however, a handful of other states had been larger population centers until the 1960s, today it has by far the highest population in the country. In 2005, 85% of the population lived in urban centers, and 39% were born in other parts of Mexico. Five ethnicities are native to the state: the Mazahua, the Otomi, the Nahuas, the Matlazincas and the Ocuitecos or Tlahuicas. There are also communities of Mixtecs, Zapotecs, Totonaca, Mazateca, Mixe, Purépecha and Maya. According to the 2005 census, the state has 312,319 people who speak an indigenous language...

    The state has over three million students who attend about 15,000 schools from kindergarten to high school. It is the largest school system in the country after that of Mexico City. However, as late as 1990, there were over half a million people who were illiterate over the age of 15. The state university is the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México (UAEM) which offers 48 majors. This and other institutes of higher education have an enrollment of over 100,000 students.The beginnings of this institution go back to 1828, when the first Instituto Literario for the state was established in what is now the borough of Tlalpan in Mexico City. It was reestablished in Toluca in 1833. In 1886, the name was changed to the Instituto Científico y Literario. In 1943, the institution gained autonomy from direct state control and in 1956, it was reorganized as the UAEM. In 1964, the Ciudad Universitaria on the west side of Toluca was constructed. Another important public university is the Unive...

    Transport

    The state contains 9,723 km of highways with about 90% being state and 10% federal. There are 1227.4 km of rail line and two airports, “Lic. Adolfo López Mateos” in Toluca and “Dr. Jorge Jiménez Cantú” in Atizapán de Zaragoza. Helicopter facilities exist in Chimalhuacán and Jocotitlán. Toluca Airport had served as a major 2nd airport for Mexico city, with coaches especially Volaris running between the two, but in recent years the popularity dwindled. However, with the new airport plans for th...

    Media

    The state contains 23 radio stations, 29 television station (2 local and public and 27 affiliates), the information out there is that the two public stations (radio and television) are “Radio Mexiquense” and “Televisión Mexiquense”. Newspapers of Estado de México include: Amanecer de México, Antesala la Verdad Sin Complicaciones, Aventuras de Vaqueros, De los Municipios Conurbados Imagen, Diario Puntual, El Diario de Toluca , El Heraldo de Toluca , El Sol de Toluca, Extra de El Sol, Global En...

    The state provides 9.7% of the country's gross national product, with over 12% of all of Mexico's active workforce employed in the state. The most important sector of the economy is industry and manufacturing, with over 10% of the state's land urbanized. The State of Mexico ranks second in the country for industrial output. The most important industries include chemicals, food products, textiles, paper products, metalworks and the construction and maintenance of transport vehicles.This sector employs the highest percentage of the population at 27.7%. The next largest employer is commerce at 21.5%. One important segment of this sector is this hotel and restaurant industry.Outside of the metropolitan areas, tourism is an important element in the state economy, with attractions such as Valle de Bravo, Teotihuacan, Ixtapan de la Sal and others. Most of the state's land is devoted to agriculture (38.1%) or to forest (34.9%). Much of these crop forest lands are ejido or communal lands. Th...

    Ceramics have been made in the Toluca Valley region since far into the pre-Hispanic period, mostly by Matlatzincas and Nahuas. The tradition continued into the colonial period although it much changed in both technique and design. Today both manufactured and handcrafted ceramics are produced in the state. The most traditional handcrafted wares are produced in places such as Metepec, Valle de Bravo, Texcoco and Almoloya de Juárez among others. The best known pottery and ceramics locale is Metepec, which specializes in large decorative pieces and sculptures called Trees of Life. Cooking utensils are made as well. Objects made from precious metals such as silver are a specialty of the Mazahua people of the Toluca Valley. One specialty is jewelry and other decorative objects made with fine silver or gold wire. One community associated with this work is San Felipe del Progreso, where both wire and hammered items are made. Other communities of metalworkers exist in Naucalpan and Ciudad Ne...

    • 20 December 1823 (1st)
    • Mexico
  3. México es una república, representativa, democrática, federal y laica; compuesta por Estados libres y soberanos (y estos por Municipios) en todo lo concerniente a su régimen interior, y por la Ciudad de México (capital del país); unidos en una federación establecida según los principios de su Constitución.

    • Productos
    • Antojitos Y Platillos
    • Postres Y Dulces
    • Bebidas
    • Notas
    • Referencias
    • Véase también

    Algunos productos importantes en el Estado de México: 1. Cerdo: se trata de un animal introducido por los españoles durante la colonización. Primero fue introducido en las Antillas y luego en Nueva España. Hernán Cortés consideró el valle de Toluca un buen lugar en donde comenzar a introducirlo (en 1525).[5]​ Eran relativamente fáciles de mantener y su carne se convirtió rápidamente en una de las más consumidas de México.[6]​ Los cerdos y otros animales fueron, sin embargo, importantes portadores de enfermedades.[7]​ Hoy en día, sin embargo, la producción porcina en el estado de México es una de las que más decrece en toda la República: «el bajo ritmo de crecimiento del Estado de México se debió a su deficiente estructura económica en la actividad porcícola y por los cambios en el consumo de su población en mayor grado urbana, que se ha reorientado hacia el sector avícola» (2009).[8]​ Algunos derivados del cerdo que se producen en Edomex: 1.1. Carnitas: se trata de carne de cerdo qu...

    Entre los antojitos y platillostípicos de Edomex, destacan: 1. Albóndigas en chipotle 2. Atole agrio o xocoatole (del náhuatl, xócotl 'agrio'), un atole elaborado con masa fermentada. También es típico de Hidalgo y otros estados, con sus respectivas variantes regionales. Es típico tomarlo en Semana Santa.[30]​ 3. Ayocotescon mole 4. La barbacoa, de chivo o borrego,[31]​ es un método de asar la carne de origen prehispánico, consiste en cavar un hoyo en la tierra, preparar unas brasas y enterrar el alimento envuelto en pencas de maguey. De esta manera la carne queda muy jugosa. Es típico de las áreas rurales como Metepec.[3]​ 5. Chilapazón 6. El chileatole, un tipo de atole pero salado, que acostumbra a llevar maíz (elote tierno y masa), chile, epazote y cebolla. A veces alguna ave de corral o queso. 7. Chimpa 8. Conejo en adobo de chile y especias en el que se cuece u hornea las piezas de carne de conejo. También se puede marinar y hacer a la brasa. El adobo de conejo también es típi...

    Ates de fruta, típicos en Villa Victoria. Las frutas comunes incluyen higo, capulín, manzana, membrillo, pera y tejocote.[30]​
    Croquetas de elote
    Garañona, un licor de hierbas de color verde brillante y con alrededor de 40º de alcohol. Fue creado por Don Ángel Pineda en 1932 y cada hogar de Metepec (donde se produce) tiene su propia receta e...
    La garapiña, similar al tepache, pues se hace con cáscara y pulpa de piña que se fermenta. Es una típica bebida de la capital mexiquense, Toluca, y fue traída por un inmigrante cubano.[41]​
    Mosco o mosquito, licor de frutas fermentadas nacido en 1924 en Toluca aunque creado por un valbravense, Don Aldolfo Pastor Almazán. Su graduaciónvaría entre 19, 31, 43 y 45º.
    El pinole, h[3]​

    ↑ Varias especies de Chirostoma: Chirostoma estor, Chirostoma sphyraena y Chirostoma humboldtianumentre otros.

    «Estado de México». Diccionario enciclopédico de la Gastronomía Mexicana. Larousse Cocina. Consultado el 1 de junio de 2020.

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