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  1. Hesse o Hessia (en alemán, Hessen, pronunciado /ˈhɛsn̩/ ( escuchar)) es uno de los 16 estados federados de Alemania. Su capital es Wiesbaden y su ciudad más poblada, Fráncfort del Meno . Índice 1 Geografía 1.1 Estados vecinos 1.2 Composición natural 1.3 Sierras y montañas 1.4 Hidrografía 1.4.1 Ríos 1.4.2 Lagos 2 Historia 2.1 Antigüedad

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › HesseHesse - Wikipedia

    Situated in west-central Germany, the state of Hesse borders the German states of Lower Saxony, Thuringia, Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg, Rhineland-Palatinate, and North Rhine-Westphalia (starting in the north and proceeding clockwise). Most of the population of Hesse lives in the southern part, in the Rhine Main Area.

    • 21,120 km² (8,150 sq mi)
    • Germany
    • Prehistoric
    • Landgraviate
    • 17th and 18th Centuries
    • 19th Century
    • 20th Century
    • See Also
    • Further Reading

    In the Paleolithic Era, the Central Hessian region around Wetzlar was settled. Extensive excavations along the Lahn in Wetzlar-Dalheim recently uncovered a 7000-year-old settlement from the Linear Pottery culture. Bell Beakershards found in Rüsselsheim, Offenbach, Griesheim and Wiesbaden suggest settlement in southern Hesse 4,500 years ago.

    In 1568 with the death of Landgrave Philip I, the Landgraviate of Hesse (German: Landgrafschaft Hessen), a German Principality of the Holy Roman Empire, was divided among his sons. With the extinction of the Hesse-Marburg and Hesse-Rheinfels lines by 1604, Hesse-Darmstadt, along with Hesse-Kassel, became one of the two Hessian states. While Hesse-K...

    From the early years of the Reformation, the House of Hesse was predominately Protestant. Landgraves Philip I, William V, and Maurice married descendants of King George of Bohemia; from William VI onwards, mothers of the heads of Hesse-Kassel were always descended from William the Silent, the leader of the Dutch to independence on the basis of Calv...

    Following the reorganization of the German states during the German mediatization of 1803, the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel was raised to the Electorate of Hesse and Landgrave William IX was elevated to Imperial Elector, taking the title William I, Elector of Hesse. The principality thus became known as Kurhessen, although it is still usually refer...

    In 1918, Hesse-Nassau became part of the Free State of Prussia until 1944. From 1944–45 as part of Nazi Germany, it was divided into the Prussian provinces of Kurhessen and Nassau. From 1945–46, it was renamed Greater Hesse (German: Großhessen) and was part of the US occupation zone in Germany. From 1946 onwards, it was reorganized into the State o...

    History of Frankfurt am Main and Timeline of Frankfurt
    Ingrao, Charles W. The Hessian mercenary state: ideas, institutions, and reform under Frederick II, 1760-1785(Cambridge University Press, 2003).
    Ingrao, Charles. "'Barbarous Strangers': Hessian State and Society during the American Revolution." American Historical Review 87.4 (1982): 954-976. online
    Wegert, Karl H. "Contention with Civility: The State and Social Control in the German Southwest, 1760–1850." Historical Journal 34.2 (1991): 349-369. online
    Wilder, Colin F. "" THE RIGOR OF THE LAW OF EXCHANGE": How People Changed Commercial Law and Commercial Law Changed People (Hesse-Cassel, 1654–1776)." Zeitschrift für Historische Forschung (2015):...
  3. To distinguish the two Hessian states, the grand duchy changed its name to the Grand Duchy of Hesse and by Rhine ( German: Großherzogtum Hessen und bei Rhein) in 1816.

    • Vida
    • Influencia
    • Obras
    • Traducciones Al Español
    • Premios
    • Bibliografía
    • Enlaces Externos

    Hermann Karl Hesse nació en Calw, localidad ubicada en Wurtemberg, donde transcurrieron los tres primeros años de su vida (hasta 1880) y tres años de colegio (1886 a 1889). Descendiente de misioneros cristianos, la familia tuvo desde 1873 una editorial de textos misioneros dirigida por el abuelo materno de Hesse, Hermann Gundert. Era hijo de Johann...

    En su época, Hesse era un autor popular e influyente en el mundo de habla alemana. La fama mundial sólo llegó después. La primera gran novela de Hesse, Peter Camenzind, fue recibida con entusiasmo por los jóvenes alemanes que deseaban un estilo de vida diferente y más "natural" en esta época de gran progreso económico y tecnológico en el país.[6]​ ...

    Novelas

    1. Peter Camenzind(1904) 2. Bajo las ruedas(1906) 3. Gertrudis(1910) 4. Rosshalde(1914) 5. Tres momentos de una vida(1915) 6. Demian(1919) 7. Siddhartha(1922) 8. El lobo estepario(1927) 9. Narciso y Goldmundo(1930) 10. Viaje al Oriente(1932) 11. El juego de los abalorios(1943) 12. Berthold(inconclusa) (1945)

    Cuentos

    1. Eine Stunde hinter Mitternacht(1899) 2. Diesseits(1907) 3. Nachbarn(1908) 4. Umwege(1912) 5. Am Weg(1915) 6. Zarathustras Wiederkehr(1919) 7. El último verano de Klingsor(1920) 8. Weg nach Innen(1931) 9. Die Morgenlandfahrt(1932) 10. Kleine Welt(1933) 11. Fabulierbuch(1935) 12. Das Haus der Träume(1937) 13. Der Pfirsichbaum(1945) 14. Die Traumfährte(1945)

    Poemas

    1. Romantische Lieder(1898) 2. Hermann Lauscher(1901) 3. Neue Gedichte(1902) 4. Unterwegs(1911) 5. Musik des Einsamen(1925) 6. Gedichte des Malers(1920) 7. Trost der Nacht(1929) 8. Neue Gedichte(1937)

    Bajo las ruedas, trad. Genoveva Dieterich, Alianza, Madrid 1967
    Demian, trad. Genoveva Dieterich, Alianza, Madrid 1968
    Rastro de un sueño, trad. Mireia Bofill, Planeta, Barcelona 1976
    Peter Camenzind, trad. Jesús Ruíz, Caralt, Barcelona 1977
    1906: Premio Bauernfeld.
    1928: Mejstrik-Preis der Wiener Schiller-Stiftung
    1936: Premio Gottfried Keller
    1946: Premio Goethe
    Ralph Freedman, La novela lírica, Barral editores, ISBN 978-84-2110239-8
    Miguel Serrano, El círculo hermético. De Hermann Hesse a C. G. Jung, Editorial Eas, 2017. ISBN 978-84-947007-3-6
    Ziolkowski, Theodore (1976). Las novelas de Hermann Hesse. Madrid: Editorial Labor. ISBN 9788433502148.
    Wikimedia Commons alberga una categoría multimedia sobre Hermann Hesse.
    Wikiquote alberga frases célebres de o sobre Hermann Hesse.
    El contenido de este artículo incorpora material de una entrada de la Enciclopedia Libre Universal, publicada en español bajo la licencia Creative Commons Compartir-Igual 3.0.
  4. The Electorate of Hesse (Hesse-Kassel) was annexed by Prussia in 1866, while the Grand Duchy of Hesse (Hesse-Darmstadt) remained a sovereign realm until the end of the German monarchies in 1918. Since 23 May 2013, the head of the house has been Donatus, Landgrave of Hesse.

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