John Russell. Born about 1570 [location unknown] Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown] [sibling (s) unknown] Husband of Joan (Chambers alias Ireland) Russell — married [date unknown] [location unknown] Descendants. Father of Margaret (Russell) Steward. Died 1635 in Rowley Regis, Staffordshire, England.
- Joan (Chambers Alias Ireland) Russell
Born in Cottenham, Cambridge on Abt. 1570. John Russell had 1 child. John Russell family tree Parents Unavailable Unavailable Children Joane Russell 1600 - 1683 Potential photos and documents for John Russell Richard Russell Top record matches for John Russell John Russell found in England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975 John Russell
The Life Summary of John When John Russell was born in 1514, in Kingston Russell, Dorset, England, his father, William Russell, was 35 and his mother, Joan Allen, was 39. He married Eleanor Hunt in 1537, in Northam, Devon, England. They were the parents of at least 4 sons. He died in 1570, in Northam, Devon, England, at the age of 56.
- Eleanor Hunt
Born about 1519 or 20 Thomas Russell was the only son of Sir John Russell of Strensham in Worcestershire and his wife, Edith Unton. He was educated at Gray's Inn. Long before he went to Gray's, indeed while still an infant, Thomas was appointed with his father a joint supervisor of the lands of the bishopric of Worcester. His next appearance in the...↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 History of Parliament online: RUSSELL, Sir Thomas (c.1520-74), of Strensham and Witley, Worcs↑ Marriage record St Martin Ludgate. (16 July 1539 Thomas Russell married Francis Chamley)↑ Wikipedia: St Martin, Ludgate↑ 4.0 4.1 Visitation of the County of Worcester Page 119: Russell
Russell-7479 was created by Shannon Pinkneythrough the import of Shannon_s BIO family.ged on Jul 9, 2014.
- Background and Early Life
- Early Political Career
- Prime Minister: 1846–1852
- Between Premierships
- Prime Minister Again: 1865–1866
- Personal Life
- Legacy and Reputation
- See Also
- External Links
Russell was born on 18 August 1792 into the highest echelons of the British aristocracy, being the third son of John Russell, later 6th Duke of Bedford, and Georgiana Byng, daughter of George Byng, 4th Viscount Torrington. The Russell family had been one of the principal Whig dynasties in England since the 17th century, and were among the richest h...
Backbench MP: 1813-1830
Russell entered the House of Commons as a Whig in 1813 at the age of 20. The future reformer gained his seat by virtue of his father, the Duke of Bedford, instructing the 30 or so electors of Tavistock to return him as an MP even though at the time Russell was abroad and under age. Russell entered Parliament more out of a sense of duty and family tradition than out of serious political ambition. With the exception the 1806-1807 coalition government in which Russell's father had served, the Wh...
Minister under Grey and Melbourne: 1830-1841
When the Whigs came to power in 1830, Russell entered Earl Grey's government as Paymaster of the Forces. Despite being a relatively junior minister, as a vocal advocate for Parliamentary reform for over a decade, Russell became a principal leader in the fight for the Reform Act 1832. He was one of the committee of four tasked by Grey with drafting the reform bill, alongside cabinet ministers Lord Durham, Lord Duncannon and Sir James Graham. Despite not yet being in the Cabinet, Russell was ch...
In 1841 the Whigs lost the general election to the Conservatives and Russell and his colleagues returned to opposition. In November 1845, following the failure of that year's potato harvest across Britain and Ireland, Russell came out in favour of the repeal of the Corn Laws and called upon the Prime Minister Sir Robert Peelto take urgent action to alleviate the emerging food crisis. Peel had by this time already become convinced of the need for repeal, but he was opposed in this by the major...
Russell took office as Prime Minister with the Whigs only a minority in the House of Commons. It was the bitter split in the Conservative Party over the Corn Laws that allowed Russell's government to remain in power in spite of this, with Sir Robert Peel and his supporters offering tentative support to the new ministry in order to keep the protecti...
In opposition: February–December 1852
Following Russell's resignation, on the 23 February 1852 the Earl of Derby accepted the Queen's invitation to form a government. The new Conservative ministry were a minority in the Commons due to the continuing rift with the Peelites. Derby called a general election for July but failed to secure a majority. After the election Derby's Conservatives held 292 out of the 662 seats in the Commons but were able to carry on in office due to divisions among the opposition. Negotiations over a Whig-P...
The Aberdeen coalition: 1852–1855
Russell, as the leader of the Whigs, agreed to bring his party into a coalition with the Peelites, headed by Aberdeen. As the leader of the largest party in the coalition, Russell was reluctant to serve under Aberdeen in a subordinate position, but agreed to take on the role of Foreign Secretary on a temporary basis, to lend stability to the fledgling government. He resigned the role in February 1853 in favour of Clarendon, but continued to lead for the government in the Commons and attended...
Return to the backbenches: 1855-1859
Following his resignation Russell wrote to his father-in-law that he would not serve again under Palmerston or any other Prime Minister. For a time it appeared as if his career in frontbench politics might be over. Russell continued to speak out from the backbenches on the issues he most cared about - lobbying for increased government grants for education and for reduction in the property qualification for Parliamentary elections. In early 1857 Russell became a vocal critic of Palmerston's go...
When Palmerston suddenly died in late 1865, Russell again became Prime Minister. His second premiership was short and frustrating, and Russell failed in his great ambition of expanding the franchise, a task that would be left to his Conservative successors, Derby and Benjamin Disraeli. In 1866, party disunity again brought down his government. Russ...
Marriages and children
Russell married Adelaide Lister (widow of Thomas Lister, 2nd Baron Ribblesdale, who had died in 1832 ) on 11 April 1835. Together they had two daughters: 1. Lady Georgiana Adelaide Russell (1836 – 25 September 1922). She married Archibald Peel (son of General Jonathan Peel) on 15 August 1867. They had seven children. 2. Lady Victoria Russell (20 October 1838 – 9 May 1880). She married Henry Villiers (the son of The Honorable Henry Montagu Villiers) on 16 April 1861. They had ten children and...
Russell was religious in a simple non-dogmatic way and supported "broad church" stances in the Church of England. He opposed the "Oxford Movement" because its "Tractarian" members were too dogmatic and too close to Roman Catholicism. He supported Broad Churchmen or Latitudinarians by several appointments of liberal churchmen as bishops. In 1859 he reversed himself and decided to free non-Anglicans of the duty of paying rates (taxes) to the local Anglican parish. His political clumsiness and o...
Final years and death
Following the death of their daughter-in-law Viscountess Amberley in 1874 and their son Viscount Amberley in 1876, Earl Russell and Countess Russell brought up their orphaned grandchildren, John ("Frank") Russell, who became 2nd Earl Russell on his grandfather's death, and Bertrand Russellwho would go on to become a noted philosopher and who in later life recalled his elderly grandfather as "a kindly old man in a wheelchair." Earl Russell died at home at Pembroke Lodge on 28 May 1878. The Pri...
Scion of one of the most powerful aristocratic families, Russell was a leading reformer who weakened the power of the aristocracy. His great achievements, wrote A. J. P. Taylor, were based on his persistent battles in Parliament over the years on behalf of the expansion of liberty; after each loss he tried again and again, until finally, his effort...
Russell published numerous books and essays over the course of his life, especially during periods out of office. He principally wrote on politics and history, but also turned his hand to a variety of other topics and genres. His published works include: 1. The Life of William Lord Russell(1819) - a biography of his famous ancestor. 1. Essays and Sketches of Life and Character by a Gentleman who has left his lodgings(1820) - a series of social and cultural commentaries ostensibly found in a m...
1. Correspondence of John, Fourth Duke of Bedford- in three volumes, published between 1842 and 1846. 1. Memoirs, Journal, and Correspondence of Thomas Moore- in eight volumes, published between 1853 and 1856. Russell was Moore's literary executor and published his papers in accordance with his late friend's wishes. 1. Memorials and correspondence of Charles James Fox- in four volumes, published between 1853 and 1857.
A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens was dedicated to Lord John Russell, "In remembrance of many public services and private kindnesses."In speech given in 1869, Dickens remarked of Russell that "there is no man in England whom I respect more in his public capacity, whom I love more in his private capacity."Works by John Russell, 1st Earl Russell at Project GutenbergHansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Lord John Russell
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