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  1. Baldwin IV ( French: Baudouin; 1161–1185), called the Leper, was King of Jerusalem from 1174 until his death in 1185. He was admired by his contemporaries and later historians for his willpower and dedication to the Latin kingdom in the face of debilitating leprosy, which eventually left him blind and unable to use either his hands or his feet.

  2. 29/03/2022 · Baldwin I, byname Baldwin of Boulogne, French Baudouin de Boulogne, (born 1058?—died April 2, 1118, Al-ʿArīsh, Egypt), king of the Crusader state of Jerusalem (1100–18) who expanded the kingdom and secured its territory, formulating an administrative apparatus that was to serve for 200 years as the basis for Frankish rule in Syria and Palestine.

  3. Baldwin I, also known as Baldwin of Boulogne (1060s – 2 April 1118), was the first count of Edessa from 1098 to 1100, and king of Jerusalem from 1100 to his death. He was the youngest son of Eustace II, Count of Boulogne, and Ida of Lorraine and married a Norman noblewoman, Godehilde of Tosny. He received the County of Verdun in 1096, but he ...

    • Prince of Jerusalem
    • Leprosy
    • Coronation
    • Attack on Damascus
    • Battle of Montgisard
    • Final Days and Succession
    • Depiction in “Kingdom of Heaven”

    In 1161, Baldwin IV was born to King Amalric I and his wife, the Queen Agnes of Courtenay. Baldwin was a sharp young kid who spent most of his time at his father’s court and was tutored by the Archbishop, William of Tyre. It was at the age of nine that Baldwin was diagnosed with leprosy. The archbishop himself diagnosed it when he saw Baldwin feeli...

    Leprosy at that time was considered a death sentence, people diagnosed with the disease faced complete social isolation. However, Baldwin, being the Prince of Jerusalem and a noble child, was protected by his royal position and the court did not force him to leave and live in isolation. This came as a surprise to the local community. The Muslims be...

    Amalric I died in 1174, and four days after the death of his father, at the age of thirteen, Baldwin was crowned the King of Jerusalem. It was the year that also that marked the 75th anniversary of French rule in Jerusalem. At that time, the threat of Saladin’s invasion was greater than ever, and Baldwin was quite aware of this threat, starting to ...

    In 1174, the same year Baldwin became king, Baldwin launched a very successful attack on Damascus in order to draw Saladin’s army away from Aleppo. This was a huge deal since it was Baldwin’s first battle and he proved himself a very capable king, as he did not let the disease get in the way of his duties. In these two years, Baldwin made a series ...

    In November 1177, Sultan Saladin left Egypt to attack Ascalon. Baldwin’s health was quite bad, he was only able to use one hand to ride his horse. Baldwin, sixteen at that time, led the Frankish army and rode towards Ascalon to save the city. The Frankish army was outnumbered compared to the Muslim army (3000–4500 Frankish men vs 20000–26000 Muslim...

    Baldwin had no child of his own due to leprosy so he appointed Baldwin of Montferret, his five-year-old nephew as his successor. On 20 November 1183, Baldwin V was crowned as the co-king with Baldwin IV. On 16 March 1185, at the age of twenty-three, Baldwin IV passed away. He was buried in the Church of Holy Sepulchre. After all his difficulties, h...

    American actor Edward Nortan played a fictionalized version of Baldwin IV in the 2005 movie Kingdom of Heaven directed and produced by Ridley Scott and William Monahan. The movie was inspired by the book of William of Tyre who was Baldwin’s tutor. The movie was criticized by historians because of its multiple factual inaccuracies. Become a Medium m...

  4. Baldwin II, also known as Baldwin of Bourcq or Bourg (French: Baudouin; c. 1075 – 21 August 1131), was Count of Edessa from 1100 to 1118, and King of Jerusalem from 1118 until his death. He accompanied his cousins Godfrey of Bouillon and Baldwin of Boulogne to the Holy Land during the First Crusade .

  5. Baldwin V (1177 or 1178 – August 1186) was King of Jerusalem who reigned together with his uncle Baldwin IV from 1183 to 1185 and, after his uncle's death, as the sole king from 1185 to his death. Baldwin IV's leprosy meant that he could not have children, and so he spent his reign grooming various relatives to succeed him.

  6. Baldwin III (1130 – 10 February 1163) was King of Jerusalem from 1143 to 1163. He was the eldest son of Melisende and Fulk of Jerusalem.He became king while still a child, and was at first overshadowed by his mother Melisende, whom he eventually defeated in a civil war.