Lower Saxony was at the western end of the direct escape route from East Prussia and had the longest border with the Soviet Zone. On 3 October 1950 Lower Saxony took over the sponsorship of the very large number of refugees from Silesia. In 1950 there was still a shortage of 730,000 homes according to official figures.
Lower Saxony was established on November 1, 1946, by the British military government, which merged the former Prussian province of Hanover with the states of Braunschweig, Oldenburg, and Schaumburg-Lippe. Its capital is Hannover. Physical features
- The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
Lower Saxony (German: Niedersachsen) is a German state situated in northwestern Germany. It was created by the merger of the State of Hanover (Hannover) with Brunswick (Braunschweig), Oldenburg, and Schaumburg-Lippe on 1 November 1946. The northwestern area of Lower Saxony, which lies on the coast of the North Sea, is called East Frisia ...
Lower Saxony is the only German state with both sea and mountains, and it boasts one of the country's most beautiful seashores with the North Sea coast and the seven East Frisian islands. The part of the German Wadden Sea National Park in Lower Saxony is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, putting it on a par with other natural wonders of the world like the Grand Canyon in the USA and the Great Barrier Reef in Australia.
The history of Saxony began with a small tribe living on the North Sea between the Elbe and Eider River in what is now Holstein. The name of this tribe, the Saxons, was first mentioned by the Greek author Ptolemy. The name Saxons is derived from the Seax, a knife used by the tribe as a weapon. In the 3rd and 4th centuries, Germany was inhabited by great tribal confederations of the Alamanni, Bavarians, Thuringians, Franks, Frisii, and Saxons. These took the place of numerous petty ...
The East German districts had themselves been created in 1952 from historic Saxony, an important region in German history for nearly 2,000 years, particularly so since the 15th century. Saxony and its capital, Dresden, prospered from the 16th to the 18th century before their relative importance within Germany waned with the rise of Brandenburg-Prussia and Berlin.
Before the late medieval period, there was a single Duchy of Saxony. The term “Lower Saxony” was used after the dissolution of the stem duchy in the late 13th century to disambiguate the parts of the former duchy ruled by the House of Welf from the Electorate of Saxony on one hand, and from the Duchy of Westphalia on the other.