08/04/2022 · For the Natural History Museum, Waterhouse combined Gothic Revival and twelfth-century Romanesque architecture with lavish decoration inspired by the natural world. His highly innovative design used terracotta decoration for the entire building. Photograph of Alfred Waterhouse in about 1900. Photographer unknown, via Wikimedia Commons.
Although commonly referred to as the Natural History Museum, it was officially known as British Museum (Natural History) until 1992, despite legal separation from the British Museum itself in 1963. Originating from collections within the British Museum, the landmark Alfred Waterhouse building was built and opened by 1881 and later incorporated the Geological Museum .
25/06/2022 · Architecture of the Natural History Museum An original colour wash illustration showing how Waterhouse intended the finished terracotta reliefs to appear Following the sudden death of the architect originally appointed to design the Natural History Museum, Alfred Waterhouse, a young architect from Liverpool, took over the task.
Alfred Waterhouse and the Natural History Museum. London: British Museum (Natural History), 1981. ISBN 0-565-00831-5. interior photo of main hall, p39. interior photo of gallery, p60. exterior aerial photo, p46. exterior elevation photo of window details, p19. exterior photo from street, p2. plan drawing, p47. section drawing, p47.
Waterhouse is known for the use of terracotta on the exterior of his buildings, most famously at the Natural History Museum. He also used faience, once its mass production was possible, on the interiors of his buildings. Such as the Victoria Building, University of Liverpool.
An example of the original Waterhouse drawings of the animals that adorn the walls of the Museum. During my second year at college I developed an interest in the terracotta animals that decorate the building. As part of a drawing project I spent time studying them, and I especially liked the panels on the large gate pillars on Cromwell Road.