Ernest II (German: Ernst August Karl Johann Leopold Alexander Eduard; 21 June 1818 – 22 August 1893) was Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from 29 January 1844 to his death in 1893. He was born in Coburg to Ernest III, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
Ernest I ( German: Ernst Anton Karl Ludwig; 2 January 1784 – 29 January 1844) was the last sovereign duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (as Ernest III) and, from 1826, the first sovereign duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (as Ernest I ). He was the father of Albert, Prince Consort, who was the husband of Queen Victoria.
- Early life
- Marriage and family
Ernst Leopold Eduard Wilhelm Josias Prinz von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha was the second child and eldest son of Johann Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Feodora Freiin von der Horst.
Ernst Leopold was born at Hirschberg. His paternal grandparents were Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the only son of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, and his wife, Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. Ernst Leopold had two siblings: Marianne and Peter. His father was heir-apparent to the Duchy of Sax...
Ernst Leopold married Ingeborg Henig, daughter of Richard Henig and Luise Duckwitz, on 4 February 1961 in Herrenberg. They divorced on 26 March 1963. They had one child: 1. Hubertus Prinz von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha; he married Barbara Weissmann on 9 March 1993 and they were divorced on 12 September 2012. They have one son. He married, secondly, G...
Ernst Leopold died on 27 June 1996 in Bad Wiessee, Germany, aged 61, by committing suicide along with his wife Sabine Biller.
- Johann Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
- Hubertus, Viktoria, Ernst-Josias, Carl-Eduard, Ferdinand-Christian, Alice-Sybilla
Ernst August Karl Johann Leopold Alexander Eduard was born at Ehrenburg Palace in Coburg on 21 June 1818 and was the eldest son of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg Ernst and his younger brother, Albert, were the only legitimate children born to the Duke who also had three illegitimate children.
- Early Life
- Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
- Inheritance to Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
- Titles, Styles, Honours, and Arms
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Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, was born at Ehrenburg Palace in Coburg on 21 June 1818. He was the elder son of Ernest III, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and his first wife Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. He was soon joined by a brother, Prince Albert, who would later become the husband Queen Victoria. Though Duke Ernest ...
Various candidates were put forward as a possible wife for Ernest. His own father wanted him to look high-up for a wife, such as a Russian grand duchess. One possibility was Princess Clémentine of Orléans, a daughter of Louis Philippe I, whom he met while visiting the court at the Tuileries. Such a marriage would have required his conversion from L...
On 29 January 1844, Ernest's father died in Gotha, one of the territories their family had recently acquired. Ernest consequently succeeded to the duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
For much of Ernest's reign, the heir presumptive to Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was his only sibling Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria. When it became increasingly more clear that Ernest would be childless, the possibility of a personal union between his duchies and the United Kingdom became real, a reality that was deemed undesirable. Special arr...
Titles and styles
1. 21 June 1818 – 12 November 1826: His Serene HighnessThe Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 2. 12 November 1826 – 29 January 1844: His Highness The Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 3. 29 January 1844 – 22 August 1893: His HighnessThe Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1. Baillie-Grohman, William Adolph (1896). Sport in the Alps in the Past and Present: An Account of the Chase of the Chamois, Red-deer, Bouquetin, Roe-deer, Capercaillie, and Black-cock, with Personal References and Historical Notes and Some Sporting Reminisces of H.R.H. the Late Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. London: Scribner. 2. Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke Ernest II of (1888). Memoirs of Ernest II: Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. London: Remington & Co. Publishers., four volumes.
1. Alden, Raymond; George Berry; Ernest I. Bogart; et al. (1918). The Encyclopedia Americana: A Library of Universal Knowledge, Volume 10. New York: The Encyclopedia Americana Corporation. 2. Allinson, A.R. (2006). The War Diary of the Emperor Frederick III - 1870 - 1871. Home Farm Books. ISBN 1-4067-9995-5. 3. Berwanger, Eugene H. (1994). The British Foreign Service and the American Civil War. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-1876-X. 4. Coit Gilman, Daniel; Harry Thur...Biography of Ernest II at the German National Library. (German)Biography of Ernest II at the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. (German)
German nobility, the second sovereign duke of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, reigning from 1844 to his death. Ernst was the eldest child of Ernst I/III, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and his duchess, Princess Luise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. His brother, Prince Albert, later became the consort of Queen Victoria.
28/06/2015 · Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha died after a short illness at the age of 75 at Schloss Reinhardsbrunn in Coburg, Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, now in Bavaria, Germany, on August 22, 1893. Thousands of people came to view the funeral procession. He was buried in the Ducal Mausoleum in the Glockenberg Cemetery in Coburg.