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  1. Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil (vizconde Cecil de Chelwood) (Londres, 14 de septiembre de 1864-Turnbridge Wells, 24 de noviembre de 1958) fue un jurista, diplomático, y esperantista [1] británico.

    • Early Life and Family
    • Secretary of State
    • Lord Treasurer
    • Houses and The Arts
    • Death
    • Portrayals
    • Bibliography

    Cecil (created Earl of Salisbury in 1605) was the younger son of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley by his second wife, Mildred Cooke, eldest daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke of Gidea, Essex. His elder half-brother was Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, and philosopher Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Albans, was his first cousin. Robert Cecil was 5 ft 4 ...

    Under Elizabeth

    In 1584, Cecil sat for the first time in the House of Commons, representing his birthplace, the borough of Westminster, and was re-elected in 1586. He was a back bencher, never making a speech until 1593, after having been appointed a Privy Councillor. In 1588 he accompanied Lord Derby in his mission to the Netherlands to negotiate peace with Spain.: 76 He was elected for Hertfordshire in 1589, 1593, 1597 and 1601, was made a Privy Counsellorin 1591 and was leader of the Council by 1597. Foll...

    Under James I

    Sir Robert Cecil now promoted James as successor to Elizabeth. Around 1600, he began a secret correspondence with James in Scotland, to persuade James that he favoured his claims to the English throne. An understanding was now effected by which Cecil was able to assure James of his succession, ensure his own power and predominance in the new reign against Sir Walter Raleigh and other competitors, and secure the tranquillity of the last years of Elizabeth. Cecil demanded as conditions that Jam...

    As Lord Treasurer, Lord Salisbury, as he became in 1605, showed considerable financial ability. During the year preceding his acceptance of that office in 1608, the expenditure had risen to £500,000, leaving a yearly deficit of £73,000. Lord Salisbury took advantage of the decision by the judges in the Court of Exchequer in Bates's Case in favour o...

    In May 1591 Cecil was involved in an entertainment for the arrival of Queen Elizabeth at Theobalds, the Hertfordshire family home. The Hermit's Welcome at Theobalds made allusion to his father's potential retirement from public life. In July 1593 a Scottish suitor for Cecil's favour, William Dundas of Fingask wrote to him from Edinburgh. Dundas had...

    In poor health and worn out by years of overwork, Lord Salisbury, in the spring of 1612, went on a journey to take the waters at Bath in hope of a cure; but he obtained little relief. He started on the journey home but died of cancer, "in great pain and even greater wretchedness of mind", at Marlborough, Wiltshire, on 24 May 1612. He was buried in ...

    He appears as the character "Lord Cecil" in the opera Roberto Devereux (1837) by Gaetano Donizetti; he also appears in the opera Gloriana (1953) by Benjamin Britten.
    In the BBC TV drama serial Elizabeth R(1971), "Sir Robert Cecil" is played by Hugh Dickson.
    IN the BBC2 ScreenPlay episode "Traitors," he is played by Anton Lesser.
    In the HBO miniseries Elizabeth I, Cecil is played by Toby Jones.
    Croft, Pauline. Patronage, Culture and Power: The Early Cecils(2002)
    Croft, Pauline. "The Religion of Robert Cecil." Historical Journal(1991) 34#4 pp: 773.
    Croft, Pauline. "The Reputation of Robert Cecil: Libels, Political Opinion and Popular Awareness in the Early Seventeenth Century." Transactions of the Royal Historical Society(1991) 1: 43+
    Haynes, Alan. Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury(1989)
    • Elizabeth Brooke
    • James I
  2. Robert Cecil. (Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne-Cecil; Londres, 1864 - Turnbridge Wells, 1958) Político inglés que recibió el Premio Nobel de la Paz en 1937. Licenciado en derecho, a partir de 1887 empezó a ejercer la abogacía, a la que se dedicó preferentemente hasta 1906. Ese año fue elegido diputado por el partido conservador para la ...

  3. 5 de abr. de 2024 · Robert Cecil, 1st earl of Salisbury was an English statesman who succeeded his father, William Cecil, Lord Burghley, as Queen Elizabeth I’s chief minister in 1598 and skillfully directed the government during the first nine years of the reign of King James I. Cecil gave continuity to the change

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  4. Biographical. Edgar Algernon Robert Cecil (September 14, 1864-November 24, 1958) British lawyer, parliamentarian and cabinet minister, one of the architects of the League of Nations and its faithful defender, was the distinguished son of the third Marquess of Salisbury, that remarkable man who occupied, in the course of his career, the highest ...

  5. 25 de jul. de 2023 · Sir Robert Cecil (b. 1563–d. 1612), created 1st earl of Salisbury in 1605, was the most influential politician in the final years of Elizabeth I’s reign and played a leading role in the first decade of James VI & I’s occupancy of the English throne.