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  1. 19/01/2012 · He decribes how, in July 1192, Richard the Lionheart stood poised for a strike on Jerusalem, while Saladin – mighty sultan of Islam – readied his troops inside the city, preparing for the...

  2. 26/07/2020 · Saladin and Richard are believed to have shown great respect for each other as leaders, yet they never met. Richard and the other Crusading armies did not make it as far as Jerusalem. Several more...

  3. 26/07/2020 · In 1187, the Muslim ruler Saladin had recaptured Jerusalem. The Crusaders (who included King Richard I of England) captured the port of Acre. But they quarrelled, and failed to capture Jerusalem.

    • Early Life and Rise to Power in Egypt
    • Campaigns Against Fellow Muslims
    • Defeat of Crusaders and Capture of Jerusalem
    • The Third Crusade and Saladin's Death
    • Sources

    Saladin was born Yusuf Ibn Ayyub in the central Iraqi city of Tikrit in 1137 or 1138. His family was of Kurdish descent, and his father Ayyub and uncle Shirkuh were elite military leaders under Imad al-Din Zangi, a powerful ruler who governed northern Syria at the time. After growing up in Damascus and rising through the military ranks, the young S...

    Nur al-Din died in 1174, and Saladin launched a campaign to take control of the lands he had ruled. He also sought to establish his regime as a major military player capable of challenging the four Western-controlled Crusader states, which had been established after the First Crusade in 1098-99. As sultan of Egypt, Saladin returned to Syria and man...

    After nearly a decade of fighting smaller battles against the Franks (as the Crusaders from Western Europe were called), Saladin prepared to launch a full-scale attack in 1187 by assembling troops from across his realm south of Damascus and an impressive Egyptian fleet at Alexandria. His army met the Franks in a massive clash at Hattin, near Tiberi...

    In the wake of Saladin’s capture of Jerusalem, Pope Gregory III called for a new Crusade to recapture the city. In 1189, Christian forces mobilized at Tyre to launch the Third Crusade, led by three powerful kings: Frederick I “Barbarossa,” the German king and Holy Roman Emperor, King Philip II of France and Richard I “the Lionheart” of England. The...

    Mark Cartwright. Saladin. World History Encyclopedia. Paul E. Walker. Saladin. Encyclopedia Britannica. David Nicolle. Saladin(Bloomsbury, 2011)

  4. 26/07/2020 · In 1187, the Muslim ruler Saladin recaptured Jerusalem In 1189, Richard I became King of England 7 What happened to Richard I on the way home from the Third Crusade? He became ill He was kidnapped...

  5. 11/01/2002 · The story of Owain Glyndŵr, who powered his way across Wales taking castles at Harlech and Aberystwyth and allying himself to the French. This clip is from: Episode 12. First broadcast: 11 ...