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  1. 04/05/2019 · Catholicism is a Christian religion, a reformation of the Jewish faith that follows the teachings of its founder Jesus Christ. Like other Christian religions as well as Judaism and Islam, it is also an Abrahamic religion, and Catholics consider Abraham as the ancient patriarch. The current head of the church is the Pope, who resides in Vatican City.

    • Origins of The Roman Catholic Church
    • The Early Christian Church
    • Key Dates and Events in The History of Roman Catholicism

    Roman Catholicism itself maintains that the Roman Catholic Church was established by Christ when he gave direction to the Apostle Peter as the head of the church. This belief is based on Matthew 16:18, when Jesus Christsaid to Peter: According to The Moody Handbook of Theology, the official beginning of the Roman Catholic church occurred in 590 CE,...

    After the ascension of Jesus Christ, as the apostles began to spread the gospel and make disciples, they provided the beginning structure for the early Christian Church. It is difficult, if not impossible, to separate the initial stages of the Roman Catholic Churchfrom that of the early Christian church. Simon Peter, one of Jesus' 12 disciples, bec...

    c. 33 to 100 CE: This period is known as the apostolic age, during which the early church was headed up by the 12 apostles of Jesus, who began missionary work to convert Jews to Christianity in various regions of the Mediterranean and Mideast. c. 60 CE: Apostle Paul returns to Rome after suffering persecution for attempting to convert Jews to Chris...

  2. 04/01/2022 · The Roman Catholic Church contends that its origin is the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ in approximately AD 30. The Catholic Church proclaims itself to be the church that Jesus Christ died for, the church that was established and built by the apostles. Is that the true origin of the Catholic Church? On the contrary.

  3. In addition to various internal developments, at least two external factors contributed decisively at the beginning of the Middle Ages to the development of Roman Catholicism as a distinct form of Christianity. One was the rise of Islam in the 7th century.

  4. The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2019. [4] [7] As the world's oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution, [8] it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation . [9]