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  1. Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu (persa: جلال ‌الدین خوارزمشاه; nombre completo: Jalal ad-Dunya wa ad-Din Abul-Muzaffar Manguberdi ibn Muhammad) o Manguberdi (túrquico), también conocido como Jalâl ad-Dîn Khwârazmshâh, fue el último gobernante del Imperio Jorezmita. Nacido hacia 1199 aproximadamente era hijo de Ala ad-Din Muhammad II.

  2. Jalal-ad-Din Mangubertí xa del Khwarizm; Biografia; Naixement: 1199 Khwarizm: Mort: 15 agost 1231 (31/32 anys) Àsia Menor: Khwârazm-Shah (en) 1220 – 1231 ← Alà-ad-Din Muhàmmad: Activitat; Ocupació: sobirà: Altres; Títol: Soldà: Família: Dinastia Anuixtigínida: Pares: Alà-ad-Din Muhàmmad i Ay-Chichek (en)

  3. Jalal-ad-Din Manguberti, Mangubirti, Mangüberti, Mankubirti o Minguburnu[1] o Jalal-ad-Din Khwarizm-Xah fou xa del Khwarizm, fill de Muhammad de Khwarizm i darrer sobirà de la Dinastia Anuixtigínida.

    • Overview
    • Name and early life
    • Mongol campaigns
    • Later campaigns
    • Legacy and assessment

    Jalal al-Din Mangburni, also known as Jalal al-Din Khwarazmshah, Minkubirni or Mengu-Berdi, was the last Khwarazmshah of the Anushteginid dynasty. The eldest son and successor of Ala ad-Din Muhammad II of the Khwarazmian Empire, Jalal al-Din was brought up at Gurganj, the wealthy capital of the Khwarazmid homeland. An able general, he served as sec...

    His name "Menguberti" means God-given in Turkic languages. "Mengu" means Eternal and is used for God. Berti is the old form of "verdi" gave. Even though his Turkic personal name was recorded as Manguburti in older Persian sources, the spelling of the name changed over time in Persian sources and several Persian meanings were affiliated with the nam...

    Genghis Khan had chosen to ignore a skirmish between the Mongol general Jochi and the Shah, in which Jalal al-Din's military acumen had saved the Shah from a humiliating defeat.: 255 However, he could not ignore the seizure of a trade caravan in Otrar and subsequent execution of

    After the battle of Indus, Jalal al-Din crossed the Indus and settled in India. A local prince, who had six thousand men attacked Jalal al-Din's makeshift forces of no more than four thousand, but al-Din still triumphed, greatly enhancing his Indian appeal.: chapter 38 He then so

    Having gathered an army and entered Persia, Jalal ad-Din sought to re-establish the Khwarazm kingdom, but he never fully consolidated his power. In 1224, he confirmed Burak Hadjib, ruler of the Qara Khitai, in Kerman, and received the submission of his brother Ghiyath, who had es

    Through the ruler of Alamut, the Mongols learned that Jalal ad-Din had recently been defeated; the Nizari Ismaili Assassins sent a letter to Ögedei Khan, proposing joint operation against Jalal al-Din.: 392–3 Ögedei Khan sent a new army of 30,000 – 50,000 men under the ...

    Jalal al-Din was considered by many to be a fearless commander and a great warrior. His biographer, Shihab al-Din Muhammad al-Nasawi, described him as follows: He was swarthy, small in stature, Turkic in "behavior" and speech, but he also spoke Persian. As for his courage, I have mentioned it many times when describing the battles he took part in. ...

    • Ay-Chichek
    • Menguberti, 1199, Gurganj
  4. Jalal-ad-Din Manguberti, Mangubirti, Mangüberti, Mankubirti o Minguburnu o Jalal-ad-Din Khwarizm-Xah fou xa del Khwarizm, fill de Muhammad de Khwarizm i da...

  5. Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu (persa: جلال ‌الدین خوارزمشاه; nombre completo: Jalal ad-Dunya wa ad-Din Abul-Muzaffar Manguberdi ibn Muhammad) o Manguberdi (túrquico), también conocido como Jalâl ad-Dîn Khwârazmshâh, fue el último gobernante del Imperio Jorezmita. Nacido hacia 1199 aproximadamente.

  6. Jalal ad-din Menguberti is the son of Muhammad II Khwarezmshah. The Khwarezmian dynasty was based mainly in Uzbekistan and Afghanistan. The statue of Jalaluddin is standing there. Jalal's father began conquering lands between seas, and soon appealed to the Caliph An-Nasir, demanding that he be recognized as Shah (King).