Darmstadt was formerly the capital of a sovereign country, the Grand Duchy of Hesse and its successor, the People's State of Hesse, a federal state of Germany. As the capital of an increasingly prosperous duchy, the city gained some international prominence and remains one of the wealthiest cities in Europe.
First mentioned in the 11th century, Darmstadt was by the 14th century a small village held by the counts of Katzenelnbogen. Chartered in 1330, it was deeded to the landgraves of Hesse in 1479. In 1567 it became the residence of the Hesse-Darmstadt line (a grand duchy from 1806), and from 1919 until 1945 it was the capital of the state of Hesse.
Hesse-Darmstadt was originally only the small territory of Upper Katzenelnbogen with Darmstadt, being situated in what is now the extreme southern portion of the present-day Land (state) of Hessen. But the landgraviate received significant accretions of territory during the 17th and 18th centuries, partly owing to its steadfast loyalty to the Habsburg Holy Roman emperors.
History of Darmstadt 1910s · 1920s · 1930s · 1940s · 1950s · 1970s · 1980s · 1990s · 2000s · 2010s · 16 th century · 17 th century · 18 th century · 19 th century · 20 th century · 21 st century ·
An enemy of Kassel during the Thirty Years' War, Hessen-Darmstadt fights some of its bitterest battles against its neighbour. Darmstadt gains power after the war and the Peace of Westphalia (1648), along with a portion of Upper Hesse, the former Benedictine territory of Hersfeld, and part of Hessen-Marburg.
26/07/2016 · Darmstadt calls itself a “City of Science.” It’s home to a university and college, the European Space Agency, chemical giant Merck and a host of software companies. It also once was home to the...
Darmstadt um 1900. Die Geschichte der Stadt Darmstadt umfasst die Entwicklungen auf dem heutigen Gebiet der Stadt Darmstadt von der ersten Besiedlung bis zur Gegenwart. Die Stadt Darmstadt entstand im Mittelalter aus einer fränkischen Siedlung. Nach der Teilung Hessens im 16.