londres (en inglés, london, pronunciado /ˈlʌndən/ ( escuchar)) es la capital y mayor ciudad de inglaterra y del reino unido. 4 5 situada a orillas del río támesis, londres es un importante asentamiento humano desde que fue fundada por los romanos con el nombre de londinium hace casi dos milenios. 6 el núcleo antiguo de la urbe, la city de …
London's status as the capital of England, and later the United Kingdom, has never been granted or confirmed officially—by statute or in written form. [note 5] Its position was formed through constitutional convention, making its status as de facto capital a part of the UK's uncodified constitution.
London, capital of the United Kingdom and England, called Londres in French, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Galician, and Filipino Londres, Catamarca, Argentina, formally "San Juan de la Ribera de Londres" or "Londres de la Nueva Inglaterra"
- Foundations and Prehistory
- Early History
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Some recent discoveries indicate probable very early settlements near the Thames in the London area. In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the Thames's south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge. This bridge either crossed the Thames or went to a now lost island in the river. Dendrology dated the timbers to between 1750 BCE an...
Londinium was established as a civilian town by the Romans about four years after the invasion of AD 43. London, like Rome, was founded on the point of the river where it was narrow enough to bridge and the strategic location of the city provided easy access to much of Europe. Early Roman London occupied a relatively small area, roughly equivalent to the size of Hyde Park. In around AD 60, it was destroyed by the Iceni led by their queen Boudica. The city was quickly rebuilt as a planned Roma...
Until recently it was believed that Anglo-Saxon settlement initially avoided the area immediately around Londinium. However, the discovery in 2008 of an Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Covent Garden indicates that the incomers had begun to settle there at least as early as the 6th century and possibly in the 5th. The main focus of this settlement was outside the Roman walls, clustering a short distance to the west along what is now the Strand, between the Aldwych and Trafalgar Square. It was known as...
Norman and Medieval London
The new Norman regime established new fortresses within the city to dominate the native population. By far the most important of these was the Tower of London at the eastern end of the city, where the initial timber fortification was rapidly replaced by the construction of the first stone castle in England. The smaller forts of Baynard's Castle and Montfichet's Castle were also established along the waterfront. King William also granted a charter in 1067 confirming the city's existing rights,...
In 1475, the Hanseatic League set up its main English trading base (kontor) in London, called Stalhof or Steelyard. It existed until 1853, when the Hanseatic cities of Lübeck, Bremen and Hamburg sold the property to South Eastern Railway. Woollen cloth was shipped undyed and undressed from 14th/15th century London to the nearby shores of the Low Countries, where it was considered indispensable. During the Reformation, London was the principal early centre of Protestantism in England. Its clos...
London's expansion beyond the boundaries of the City was decisively established in the 17th century. In the opening years of that century the immediate environs of the City, with the principal exception of the aristocratic residences in the direction of Westminster, were still considered not conducive to health. Immediately to the north was Moorfields, which had recently been drained and laid out in walks, but it was frequented by beggars and travellers, who crossed it in order to get into Lo...
The 18th century was a period of rapid growth for London, reflecting an increasing national population, the early stirrings of the Industrial Revolution, and London's role at the centre of the evolving British Empire. In 1707, an Act of Union was passed merging the Scottish and the English Parliaments, thus establishing the Kingdom of Great Britain. A year later, in 1708 Christopher Wren's masterpiece, St Paul's Cathedral was completed on his birthday. However, the first service had been held...Ackroyd, Peter. London: A Biography (2009) (First chapter.)Ball, Michael, and David T. Sunderland. Economic history of London, 1800–1914(Routledge, 2002)Billings, Malcolm (1994), London: A Companion to Its History and Archaeology, ISBN 1-85626-153-0Bucholz, Robert O., and Joseph P. Ward. London: A Social and Cultural History, 1550–1750(Cambridge University Press; 2012) 526 pages
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- Enlaces Externos
La extensión de la Ciudad de Londres estaba originalmente delimitada por una pared defensiva perimetral conocida como el muro de Londres, construida por los romanos para proteger el estratégico puerto de la Ciudad. Sin embargo, los límites de la City moderna no van más allá de los delimitados antiguamente por el muro, aún habiéndose expandido la co...
El área de la City de Londres tiene independencia administrativa desde el año 886, cuando Alfredo el grande nombró a su yerno el Earl Æthelred de Mercia como gobernador de Londres. El rey Alfredo se quiso asegurar de proporcionar alojamiento adecuado a los comerciantes del norte de Europa, los cuales llegaban desde el Báltico e Italia. La City desa...
La City de Londres tiene solamente una escuela primaria en su territorio, situada en Aldgate, sufragada por la Iglesia de Inglaterra. Existen otros cuatro centros de secundaria y tres colegios privados.Con tan pocos centros educativos no hay mucha juventud. Solo en vacaciones o para prácticas o visitas.
Londres ( /lɔ̃dʁ/ 2 Écouter ; en anglais : London, /ˈl ʌ ndən/ 3 Écouter) est la capitale et plus grande ville d' Angleterre et du Royaume-Uni 4, 5. La ville est située près de l' estuaire de la Tamise dans le sud-est de l'Angleterre. Londinium est fondée par les Romains il y a presque 2 000 ans 6.