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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › RussiaRussia - Wikipedia

    hace 4 días · Russia (Russian: Россия, tr. Rossiya, pronounced [rɐˈsʲijə] ), or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world by area, covering over 17,125,191 square kilometres (6,612,073 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass.

  2. Hace 19 horas · Grand Duke Nicholas was born on 18 May [ O.S. 6 May] 1868, in the Alexander Palace in Tsarskoye Selo south of Saint Petersburg, during the reign of his grandfather Emperor Alexander II. He was the eldest child of then- Tsesarevich Alexander Alexandrovich and his wife, Tsesarevna Maria Feodorovna (née Princess Dagmar of Denmark).

    • Name
    • Byzantine Heritage
    • Early Reign of Ivan IV
    • Foreign Policies of Ivan IV
    • Late Reign of Ivan IV and Oprichnina
    • Time of Troubles
    • Romanovs
    • Legal Code of 1649
    • Acquisition of The Wild Fields
    • Raskol

    While the oldest endonyms of the Grand Duchy of Moscow used in its documents were "Rus'" (Русь) and the "Russian land" (Русская земля, Russkaya zemlya), a new form of its name, Rusia or Russia, appeared and became common in the 15th century. In the 1480s Russian state scribes Ivan Cherny and Mikhail Medovartsev mention Russia under the name Росиа, ...

    By the 16th century, the Russian ruler had emerged as a powerful, autocratic figure, a Tsar. By assuming that title, the sovereign of Moscow tried to emphasize that he was a major ruler or emperor (tsar (царь) represents the Slavic adaptation of the Roman Imperial title/name Caesar) on a par with the Byzantine emperor. Indeed, after Ivan III marrie...

    The development of the Tsar's autocratic powers reached a peak during the reign of Ivan IV, and he gained the sobriquet "Grozny". The English word terrible is usually used to translate the Russian word grozny in Ivan's nickname, but this is a somewhat archaic translation. The Russian word grozny reflects the older English usage of terrible as in "i...

    Muscovy remained a fairly unknown society in Western Europe until Baron Sigismund von Herberstein published his Rerum Moscoviticarum Commentarii (literally Notes on Muscovite Affairs) in 1549. This provided a broad view of what had been a rarely visited and poorly reported state. In the 1630s, the Russian Tsardom was visited by Adam Olearius, whose...

    During the late 1550s, Ivan developed a hostility toward his advisers, the government, and the boyars. Historians have not determined whether policy differences, personal animosities, or mental imbalance caused his wrath. In 1565, he divided Russia into two parts: his private domain (or oprichnina) and the public realm (or zemshchina). For his priv...

    Ivan IV was succeeded by his son Feodor, who was uninterested in ruling and possibly mentally deficient. Actual power went to Feodor's brother-in-law, the boyar Boris Godunov (who is credited with abolishing Yuri's Day, the only time of the year when serfs were free to move from one landowner to another). Perhaps the most important event of Feodor'...

    The immediate task of the new dynasty was to restore order. However, Russia's major enemies, Poland and Sweden, were engaged in a conflict with each other, which provided Russia with the opportunity to make peace with Sweden in 1617. The Polish–Muscovite War (1605–1618) was ended with the Truce of Deulino in 1618, restoring temporarily Polish and L...

    The autocracy survived the Time of Troubles and the rule of weak or corrupt tsars because of the strength of the government's central bureaucracy. Government functionaries continued to serve, regardless of the ruler's legitimacy or the boyar faction controlling the throne. In the 17th century, the bureaucracy expanded dramatically. The number of go...

    The Tsardom of Russia continued its territorial growth through the 17th century. In the southwest, it claimed the Wild Fields (modern day Eastern Ukraine and South-Western Russia), which had been under Polish–Lithuanian rule and sought assistance from Russia to leave the rule of the Commonwealth.[citation needed] The Zaporozhian Cossacks, warriors ...

    Russia's southwestern expansion, particularly its incorporation of the Wild Fields modern day Eastern Ukraine, had unintended consequences. Most Little Russians were Orthodox, but their close contact with the Roman Catholic Polish also brought them Western intellectual currents. Through the Cossack Academy in Kiev, Russia gained links to Polish and...

  3. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Russian_ArkRussian Ark - Wikipedia

    hace 5 días · Russian Ark (Russian: Русский ковчег, Russkij Kovcheg) is a 2002 experimental historical drama film directed by Alexander Sokurov. In Russian Ark, an unnamed narrator wanders through the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg, and implies that he died in some horrible accident and is a ghost drifting through the palace.

    • ~$2.5 million
    • Andrey Deryabin, Jens Meurer, Karsten Stöter
    • Sergei Yevtushenko
    • Sergei Dreiden
    • Navy Under Peter The Great
    • The Russian Navy After The Death of Peter The Great
    • Navy Under Anna of Russia
    • Imperial Russian Navy in The Second Half of The 18th Century
    • Early 19th Century
    • Crimean War
    • Late 19th Century
    • Russo-Japanese War
    • Reconstruction of The Fleet: Pre-World War Era
    • World War I

    Baltic Fleet was built during the Great Northern War of 1700 - 1721. Constructions of galley fleets were launched in 1702 until 1704. A sailing fleet of ships built in Russia and bought in other countries was created to protect the conquered coasts and to attack the enemy sea routes of communication in the Baltic Sea. In the years 1703 - 1723 the m...

    After the death of Peter I, the Russian Navy deteriorated sharply. In 1726 only 54 ships were built and in the period of 1727–1730 no ships were built. In 1728, the Swedish envoy to Russia tells his government about the situation of the Russian Navy: At the end of 1731, the ship fleet consisted of 36 battleships, 12 frigates and 2 shnyavas, but onl...

    Since she becomes Emperess of Russia the main challenge for her was to rebuild the Russian fleet and put it in the line of dominant naval powers. On August 1, 1730, she issued her personal decree ''On the maintenance of the galley and ship fleets according to the regulations and charters" . In December 1731, Empress Anna orders the Baltic fleet to ...

    In the second half of the 18th century, the Russian fleet was strengthened due to the more active foreign policy of Russia and the Russian success in domination of Black Sea. For the first time Russia sends naval fleets from the Baltic Sea to Murmansk. During the Battle of Chesma in 1770, the units under the command of Admiral Spiridov defeated the...

    In the beginning of the 19th century, the Russian Navy became the 2nd largest and powerful naval force in the world just behind the British Navy. The Black Sea Fleet had 74 battleships and 124 frigates in 1834, the Baltic Fleet had 87 battleships and 212 frigates in the following year. Between 1803 and 1855, Russian navigators made more than 40 rou...

    The slow economic and industrial development of Russia in the first half of the 19th century caused its lag behind Europe and more specifically, the British Empire. By the beginning of the Crimean War in 1853, Russia had the Black Sea, Baltic, Caspian and Okhotsk fleets, with a total of 49 battleships, 28 frigates, 30 corvettesand 36 old galleys re...

    The Russian fleet continued to expand in the late 19th century, especially during the reign of Emperor Nicholas II, who was very influenced to the doctrine of American naval theorist, Alfred Mahan. Despite that Russian industry was developing at high rate, but it couldn't fulfil the ever growing needs of the Russian Navy. Because of this Russia was...

    On the night of February 8, 1904 the Japanese Navy under the command of Tōgō Heihachirō began military operations against the Russian Empire. As result of sudden attack on Port Arthur, two Russian battleships were seriously damaged by Tropedoes. This attack developed into a full-scale battle known as Siege of Port Arthurthe next morning. Several at...

    After the destruction of the Russian Navy in Russo-Japanese War, the naval power of the Russian Empire was reduced and it fall from the 2nd largest Navy to the fourth largest navy in the world (now behind Great Britain, France, Japan and Spain). On March 19, 1906, by decree of the Emperor Nicholas II, a new kind of Russian force was made part of th...

    Baltic Sea

    On the Baltic Sea, the combatants were the Russian Empire and the German Empire. A large number of British submarines sailed through the Kattegat Strait to support the Imperial Navy against the German Navy. Since the Russian Navy was much larger than the Germans, but the Germans had the geographic advantage since they can transfer the ships of the High Seas Fleet from the North Sea to the Baltic Sea through the Kiel Canal, but the Russian Navy Officers has the strategy to counter their any ad...

    Black Sea

    On the Black Sea, the main opponent of Russia was the Turkish Ottoman Empire. Admiral A.A. Eberhard and Admiral A.V. Kolchak commanded the Black Sea Fleet with its main base in Sevastopol. The war on the Black Sea begin after the Ottoman Navy bombarded several Russian citiesin October 1914. The most perfect ships in the Turkish fleet at that time were two German cruisers: the Geben and Breslau, both under the command of Admiral Souchon . "Goeben" was damaged in several battles, and his usual...

  4. 26/05/2022 · The collections of the Walters Art Museum are enhanced by a broad range of programs and events that give fresh insights into past civilizations and contemporary cultures.