02/04/2012 · Saladin (1137/1138–1193) was a Muslim military and political leader who as sultan (or leader) led Islamic forces during the Crusades. Saladin’s greatest triumph over the European Crusaders came at...
Saladin’s reconquest of Jerusalem in 1187 prompted Pope Gregory VIII to organize the Third Crusade. From 1189 to 1192, Saladin lost Acre and Jaffa and was defeated in the field at Arsūf . The Crusaders retreated to Europe without seizing Jerusalem, but Saladin’s military reputation had been damaged.
Saladin's soldiers broke their discipline, plundering the city; Saladin only managed to protect the governor and his officers by sending them to Mosul. After establishing a garrison at Sinjar, he awaited a coalition assembled by Izz al-Din consisting of his forces, those from Aleppo, Mardin, and Armenia . 
08/03/2018 · Taking control of the city, Saladin elected to permit the Christians to retain control of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and allowed Christian pilgrimages. Unaware of the city's fall, Pope Gregory VIII issued a call for the Third Crusade on October 29. The focus of this crusade soon became the recapture of the city.
Saladin and the Crusades. Saladin was a Muslim military leader who led the Muslim armies in the Crusades during the 12th century. Although he was originally a part of the Zengid dynasty, he reached high ranks in the Fatimid caliphate. In 1171, he took over the Fatimid government and replaced a Shia-dominant government with a Sunni regime.
- The Rise of Saladin
- Conquering Jerusalem
- The Third Crusade
A Kurdish warrior who gained his early experience fighting in Egypt, Saladin was an outsider in the Turkish-dominated Muslim military, but his leadership skills let him rise to great power. In 1169 he was made a vizier, and in 1171 he overthrew the last Fatimid caliph, restoring Sunni Islam in the name of the Abbasids. The legitimacy of his power was reinforced by his religious orthodoxy and claims to pursue holy war. Some Muslims saw him as an opportunist. From 1174 to 1186 he spent nearly three times as much time fighting fellow Muslims as he did Christians. He conquered the Seljuk Turks in 1179, Aleppo in 1183, Mosul and Diyarbakir in 1185-86. These wars created a power base that allowed him to turn massive force against the crusader states created by European warriors in the Middle East. Divisions among the leaders of the crusader states prevented them from acting decisively during Saladin’s rise to power. With no fresh crusades coming from the west, and his opponents fractured,...
The campaigns of 1187 to 1190 were the high point of Saladin’s success, as he conquered the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. Drawing on forces from recently taken Muslim lands, Saladin made a strong raid into the heart of the kingdom in 1187. This was made easier when Count Raymond of Tripoli, previously regent of the kingdom, let him through the count’s lands. Raymond had fallen out with King Guy of Jerusalem and was initially happy to see Saladin attack him. 140 knights under Gerard de Ridefort were wiped out attacking 7,000 of Saladin’s men at the Springs of Cresson, and it was only then that Raymond joined with Guy to fight the Muslims. On the 2nd of July, 1187, Saladin besieged Tiberias, and Guy marched to relieve it. Saladin held the best water sources in the area and harassed the Christians as they advanced. Forcing them to a halt, he surrounded them and cut them off from water. On the 4thof July, Guy’s desperate forces tried to break out towards the springs at Hattin. Under he...
The fall of Jerusalem finally motivated European rulers to intervene once more in the Holy Land. From 1189, forces gathered under the German Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, the French King Phillip II, and King Richard I of England. Supply problems, other distractions, and the death of Barbarossa meant that it was 1191 before a substantial army had gathered, and of the three rulers, only Richard remained to lead it. Richard conquered Cyprus, ensuring supply routes for the crusader states, reconquered Acre within two months of his arrival, and entered into negotiations with Saladin. When these proved fruitless, he massacred 3,000 prisoners to make clear the seriousness of his purpose, and then set off south towards Jaffa. This was the moment when Richard showed himself a worthy opponent for Saladin. By sticking to the coast, he ensured that his army could be supplied by sea and that it could not be attacked on the western flank. Saladin tried to break this strategy. At Arsuf on the 7tho...
Saladin the Victorious, also known as Saladin and the Great Crusades (Arabic: الناصر صلاح الدين , translit. Al Nasser Salah Ad-Din), is a 1963 Egyptian war drama film directed by Youssef Chahine. It was written by Youssef El Sebai, based on the novel by Naguib Mahfouz.
12/10/2018 · The Third Crusade was formed to retake Jerusalem from Saladin The crusaders were able to retake Acre , but never were any real threat to capturing Jerusalem By avoiding direct conflict and focusing on strategic targets, Saladin avoided losses and wore down the crusaders before they reached their target
This entry was posted on February 27, 2014, in Chapter VIII: Saladin at Cairo, 1171-1173, Part II, Saladin And The Crusades and tagged Classic Literature, Crusades, egypt, Islamic History, Jerusalem, Nur el Din, Saladin, Salah Al Din, Stanley Lane Poole, syria.